5-ALA fluorescence-guided endoscopic surgery for mixed germ cell tumors

5-ALA fluorescence-guided endoscopic surgery for mixed germ cell tumors 5-Aminolevulinic acid (5-ALA) fluorescence-guided surgery is widely used for detection and planning of resection of malignant gliomas and other brain tumors. However, no reports have described 5-ALA fluorescence-guided surgery or direct visualization of germ cell tumors. Here, we report two cases of germ cell tumors in which a positive 5-ALA fluorescent signal was visualized with a neuroendoscope. Both cases had a tumor in the pineal region that was associated with hydrocephalus. The patients underwent surgery after administration of 5-ALA. After ventricular puncture of the anterior horn, we could observe the ventricular wall and tumor using the Karl Storz Photodynamic diagnosis system endoscope. Then, biopsy of the pineal tumor and endoscopic third ventriculostomy were performed in both cases. In case 1, a 22-year-old man, part of the ventricular wall and tumor tissue showed red fluorescence. In case 2, a 16-year-old man, part of the fornix and infundibular recess showed red fluorescence, and the tumor showed relatively weak red fluorescence. The histopathological diagnosis of both cases was pure germinoma. This is the first report of direct visualization of mixed germinomas with 5-ALA fluorescence-guided endoscopic surgery. This method not only allows visualization of the tumor mass, but may also be useful for detailed observation in the ventricular wall. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Journal of Neuro-Oncology Springer Journals

5-ALA fluorescence-guided endoscopic surgery for mixed germ cell tumors

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Publisher
Springer US
Copyright
Copyright © 2017 by Springer Science+Business Media New York
Subject
Medicine & Public Health; Oncology; Neurology
ISSN
0167-594X
eISSN
1573-7373
D.O.I.
10.1007/s11060-017-2494-9
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

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