48h cessation of mechanical ventilation during venovenous extracorporeal membrane oxygenation in severe trauma: a case report

48h cessation of mechanical ventilation during venovenous extracorporeal membrane oxygenation in... A 32-year-old motorcyclist who was hit by a tram subsequently presented with blunt force thoracic trauma, a pelvic fracture and a penetrating injury to the left lower extremity. Coagulopathy persisted following surgery of the leg and pelvic vascular intervention. Bedside thoracotomy was performed to treat pneumothorax and pneumopericardium. Severe hypoxemia secondary to lung failure ensued, which required venovenous extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (VV ECMO) support. On the third day after the trauma, ultra-protective mechanical ventilation was not possible due to non-existent lung compliance; thus, the ventilator was disconnected, and the T-piece was connected to the blocked tracheal tube left in the airway. Gas exchange occurred via VV ECMO separately. After 48 h of cessation of ventilator support, the patient was weaned from sedation. At this time, respiratory effort was observed, and assisted ventilation was initiated. The patient ultimately recovered and experienced an excellent outcome. The clinical significance of zero end-expiratory pressure (ZEEP) and the complete cessation of open lung strategy during ECMO remains controversial. In cases of reduced lung compliance, if VV ECMO can facilitate adequate gas exchange, the discontinuation of ventilation is an option that can be used to prevent ventilator-induced lung damage and to allow the lungs to rest. VV ECMO is feasible as lung support with no mechanical ventilation in case of severe lung failure after major trauma. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Journal of Artificial Organs Springer Journals

48h cessation of mechanical ventilation during venovenous extracorporeal membrane oxygenation in severe trauma: a case report

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Publisher
Springer Japan
Copyright
Copyright © 2017 by The Japanese Society for Artificial Organs
Subject
Medicine & Public Health; Cardiac Surgery; Nephrology; Biomedical Engineering
ISSN
1434-7229
eISSN
1619-0904
D.O.I.
10.1007/s10047-017-0949-6
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

A 32-year-old motorcyclist who was hit by a tram subsequently presented with blunt force thoracic trauma, a pelvic fracture and a penetrating injury to the left lower extremity. Coagulopathy persisted following surgery of the leg and pelvic vascular intervention. Bedside thoracotomy was performed to treat pneumothorax and pneumopericardium. Severe hypoxemia secondary to lung failure ensued, which required venovenous extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (VV ECMO) support. On the third day after the trauma, ultra-protective mechanical ventilation was not possible due to non-existent lung compliance; thus, the ventilator was disconnected, and the T-piece was connected to the blocked tracheal tube left in the airway. Gas exchange occurred via VV ECMO separately. After 48 h of cessation of ventilator support, the patient was weaned from sedation. At this time, respiratory effort was observed, and assisted ventilation was initiated. The patient ultimately recovered and experienced an excellent outcome. The clinical significance of zero end-expiratory pressure (ZEEP) and the complete cessation of open lung strategy during ECMO remains controversial. In cases of reduced lung compliance, if VV ECMO can facilitate adequate gas exchange, the discontinuation of ventilation is an option that can be used to prevent ventilator-induced lung damage and to allow the lungs to rest. VV ECMO is feasible as lung support with no mechanical ventilation in case of severe lung failure after major trauma.

Journal

Journal of Artificial OrgansSpringer Journals

Published: Mar 1, 2017

References

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