Dramatic differences of cells behavior exist between cells cultured under classical 2D monolayers and 3D models, the latter being closer to in vivo responses. Thus, many 3D cell culture models have been developed. Among them, multicellular tumor spheroid appears as a nice and easy-to-handle 3D model based on cell adhesion properties. It is composed of one or several cell types and is widely used to address carcinogenesis, or drugs screening. A few and recent publications report the use of spheroids to investigate electropermeabilization process. We studied the response of spheroids to electrical field pulses (EP) in terms of their age, diameter or formation technique. We found that small human HCT-116 colorectal spheroids are more sensitive to electric field pulses than larger ones. Indeed, the growth of spheroids with a diameter of 300 μm decreased by a factor 2 over 4 days when submitted to EP (8 pulses, lasting 100 μs at a 1,300 V/cm field intensity). Under those electrical conditions, 650 μm spheroids were not affected. These data were the same whatever the formation method (i.e. hanging drop and nonadherent techniques). These observations point out the fact that characteristics of 3D cell models have to be taken into account to avoid biased conclusions of experimental data.
The Journal of Membrane Biology – Springer Journals
Published: Mar 22, 2013
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