Purpose TNF-related apoptosis-inducing ligand (TRAIL) resistance significantly limits its use in clinical practice. It has been reported that 2-deoxy-d -glucose (2-DG) can enhance TRAIL’s cytotoxicity. Our studies were designed to investigate the mechanisms of 2-DG reversing TRAIL resistance therapy in gastric cancer cells. Methods Gastric cancer cells (MGC803, SGC7901) were treated with 2-DG and TRAIL. Cell viability was determined by CCK-8 assay and detection of apoptosis by flow cytometry. Autophagic and apoptosis protein expression and c-Jun NH2- terminal kinase (JNK) phosphorylation were determined by Western blotting. Autophagy response and JNK activities were inhibited by specific inhibitor, 3MA or SP600125, respectively. LDH release assay was used to detect cytotoxicity. Results We confirmed that TRAIL triggered an autophagic response in TRAIL-resistant gastric cancer cells, MGC803 and SGC7901, and depended on JNK activation. Blocking autophagy or JNK activation with specific inhibitor, 3MA or SP600125, potentiated cell death and caspase-3 activation. Furthermore, we confirmed that 2-DG inhibited the viability of gastric cancer cells, phosphorylation of JNK induced by TRAIL and increased gastric cancer cells to TRAIL-induced apoptosis. Conclusions Taken together, we show that 2-DG can sensitize TRAIL-induced apoptosis, at least in part, through suppress- ing JNK-mediated cytoprotective autophagic signaling in MGC803 and SGC7901cells.
Cancer Chemotherapy and Pharmacology – Springer Journals
Published: Jan 31, 2018
It’s your single place to instantly
discover and read the research
that matters to you.
Enjoy affordable access to
over 18 million articles from more than
15,000 peer-reviewed journals.
All for just $49/month
Query the DeepDyve database, plus search all of PubMed and Google Scholar seamlessly
Save any article or search result from DeepDyve, PubMed, and Google Scholar... all in one place.
Get unlimited, online access to over 18 million full-text articles from more than 15,000 scientific journals.
Read from thousands of the leading scholarly journals from SpringerNature, Elsevier, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford University Press and more.
All the latest content is available, no embargo periods.
“Hi guys, I cannot tell you how much I love this resource. Incredible. I really believe you've hit the nail on the head with this site in regards to solving the research-purchase issue.”Daniel C.
“Whoa! It’s like Spotify but for academic articles.”@Phil_Robichaud
“I must say, @deepdyve is a fabulous solution to the independent researcher's problem of #access to #information.”@deepthiw
“My last article couldn't be possible without the platform @deepdyve that makes journal papers cheaper.”@JoseServera