17b-Estradiol and Tamoxifen Regulate a Maxi-Chloride Channel from Human Placenta

17b-Estradiol and Tamoxifen Regulate a Maxi-Chloride Channel from Human Placenta Steroid hormones have been implicated in the modulation of several transport processes, including conductive chloride transport in epithelial cells. Micromolar concentrations of these hormones have been determined in blood of pregnant women. The purpose of this work was to explore the effects of 17b-Estradiol, a steroid hormone, on the biophysical properties of the Maxi chloride channel present in apical membranes from human placental syncytiotrophoblast. Apical membrane chloride channels from human term placentas were reconstituted in giant liposomes suitable for electrophysiologic studies by the patch-clamp method. Low micromolar concentrations of 17b-Estradiol inhibit the Maxi chloride channels in excised patches in a potential-dependent manner. The addition of 1 mM 17b-Estradiol to the bath solution decreased the total current in the patch from 100% control to 71% at ?40 mV holding potential and the current was not affected by 17b-Estradiol at + 40 mV. However, the presence of the hormone did not affect the single-channel conductance, therefore its effect must be due to modulation of its open probability (Po). Interestingly, 17a-Estradiol did not change the total current in the patch. Tamoxifen, an antiestrogen, also showed inhibition, but in a voltage-independent manner. Our results suggest that the Maxi Cl? channel from human term placenta may be regulated by direct interaction of both compounds with the channel. From a functional point of view, the control of these channels by steroid hormones may be of great importance in placental physiology and their regulation may help to unravel their possible role in transplacental transport. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png The Journal of Membrane Biology Springer Journals

17b-Estradiol and Tamoxifen Regulate a Maxi-Chloride Channel from Human Placenta

Loading next page...
Copyright © 2003 by Springer-Verlag New York Inc.
Life Sciences; Biochemistry, general; Human Physiology
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

There are no references for this article.

You’re reading a free preview. Subscribe to read the entire article.

DeepDyve is your
personal research library

It’s your single place to instantly
discover and read the research
that matters to you.

Enjoy affordable access to
over 12 million articles from more than
10,000 peer-reviewed journals.

All for just $49/month

Explore the DeepDyve Library

Unlimited reading

Read as many articles as you need. Full articles with original layout, charts and figures. Read online, from anywhere.

Stay up to date

Keep up with your field with Personalized Recommendations and Follow Journals to get automatic updates.

Organize your research

It’s easy to organize your research with our built-in tools.

Your journals are on DeepDyve

Read from thousands of the leading scholarly journals from SpringerNature, Elsevier, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford University Press and more.

All the latest content is available, no embargo periods.

See the journals in your area

Monthly Plan

  • Read unlimited articles
  • Personalized recommendations
  • No expiration
  • Print 20 pages per month
  • 20% off on PDF purchases
  • Organize your research
  • Get updates on your journals and topic searches


Start Free Trial

14-day Free Trial

Best Deal — 39% off

Annual Plan

  • All the features of the Professional Plan, but for 39% off!
  • Billed annually
  • No expiration
  • For the normal price of 10 articles elsewhere, you get one full year of unlimited access to articles.



billed annually
Start Free Trial

14-day Free Trial