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Vivian Bullwinkel: Sole Survivor of the 1942 Massacre of Australian Nurses

Vivian Bullwinkel: Sole Survivor of the 1942 Massacre of Australian Nurses Vivian Bullwinkel Sole Survivor of the 1942 Massacre of Australian Nurses ELIZA~ETH M. NORMAN School of Education New York University DOROTHY ANGELL La Trobe University The purpose of this article is to describe the series of tragcdics sixty-five Australian Army Nursing Sentice (AANS) women s&d during the kill of Singapore in February 1942 until their rescue hm a POW amp in September 1945, through the experience ofone nurse, SisterVivian Bullwinkel, and to examine her immediate and enduring reaction as the only suivivor of a massacre on Banks Island. Only rwenty-four of the origid shy-&, including Matron Paschke, the senior nurse, reached Australian shores following the deckation of pace in thc Pacific. The "will-to-survive" concept which has been wed to study people under extreme stress provided the structure for examining primary adid material at the Australian War Memorial in Canberra, Australia. Secondary sources included videotaped and published biographies. Our findings revealed that Vivian Bullwinkel possessed &is will to survive and added another factor to this concept. She survived, in part, to tell pcop1t about the Banka Island massacre. Without her witness, the world may never have hcard about this atrocity and twenty-one women would have died anonymously. Our results have http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Nursing History Review Springer Publishing

Vivian Bullwinkel: Sole Survivor of the 1942 Massacre of Australian Nurses

Nursing History Review , Volume 7 (1): 16 – Jan 1, 1999

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Publisher
Springer Publishing
ISSN
1062-8061
eISSN
1938-1913
DOI
10.1891/1062-8061.7.1.97
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Vivian Bullwinkel Sole Survivor of the 1942 Massacre of Australian Nurses ELIZA~ETH M. NORMAN School of Education New York University DOROTHY ANGELL La Trobe University The purpose of this article is to describe the series of tragcdics sixty-five Australian Army Nursing Sentice (AANS) women s&d during the kill of Singapore in February 1942 until their rescue hm a POW amp in September 1945, through the experience ofone nurse, SisterVivian Bullwinkel, and to examine her immediate and enduring reaction as the only suivivor of a massacre on Banks Island. Only rwenty-four of the origid shy-&, including Matron Paschke, the senior nurse, reached Australian shores following the deckation of pace in thc Pacific. The "will-to-survive" concept which has been wed to study people under extreme stress provided the structure for examining primary adid material at the Australian War Memorial in Canberra, Australia. Secondary sources included videotaped and published biographies. Our findings revealed that Vivian Bullwinkel possessed &is will to survive and added another factor to this concept. She survived, in part, to tell pcop1t about the Banka Island massacre. Without her witness, the world may never have hcard about this atrocity and twenty-one women would have died anonymously. Our results have

Journal

Nursing History ReviewSpringer Publishing

Published: Jan 1, 1999

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