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The Miners’ Hospitals of West Virginia: Nurses and Healthcare Come to the Coal Fields, 1900–1920

The Miners’ Hospitals of West Virginia: Nurses and Healthcare Come to the Coal Fields, 1900–1920 The Miners' Hospitals of West Virginia Nurses and Healthcare Come to the Coal Fields, 1900-1920 jOHN C. KIRCHGESSNER School ofNursing University ofVirginia Industrialization during the last quarter of the 19th century brought incredible changes in the state ofWest Virginia. The timber and railroad industries paved the way for the most influential industry of all, coal mining. The coal industry began in West Virginia in the late 1870s and remained strong for over 80 years. During this 80-year period the state of West Virginia was changed forever . lndustriali~ation changed all aspects of life, including healthcare. The local physicians and the coal company doctors could not manage the trauma and surgical patients that were coming to them from the coal fields. In response, the state of West Virginia created three hospitals dedicated to the care of those employees injured as a result of their employment. This article is part of an ongoing study focusing on the healthcare in the West Virginia coal fields and three miners' hospitals . Here I try to explain why and how the miners' hospitals were established. Next, I argue that in spite of horrendous occupational injuries and social conditions, nurses and physicians working in these http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Nursing History Review Springer Publishing

The Miners’ Hospitals of West Virginia: Nurses and Healthcare Come to the Coal Fields, 1900–1920

Nursing History Review , Volume 8 (1): 12 – Jan 1, 2000

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Publisher
Springer Publishing
ISSN
1062-8061
eISSN
1938-1913
DOI
10.1891/1062-8061.8.1.157
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

The Miners' Hospitals of West Virginia Nurses and Healthcare Come to the Coal Fields, 1900-1920 jOHN C. KIRCHGESSNER School ofNursing University ofVirginia Industrialization during the last quarter of the 19th century brought incredible changes in the state ofWest Virginia. The timber and railroad industries paved the way for the most influential industry of all, coal mining. The coal industry began in West Virginia in the late 1870s and remained strong for over 80 years. During this 80-year period the state of West Virginia was changed forever . lndustriali~ation changed all aspects of life, including healthcare. The local physicians and the coal company doctors could not manage the trauma and surgical patients that were coming to them from the coal fields. In response, the state of West Virginia created three hospitals dedicated to the care of those employees injured as a result of their employment. This article is part of an ongoing study focusing on the healthcare in the West Virginia coal fields and three miners' hospitals . Here I try to explain why and how the miners' hospitals were established. Next, I argue that in spite of horrendous occupational injuries and social conditions, nurses and physicians working in these

Journal

Nursing History ReviewSpringer Publishing

Published: Jan 1, 2000

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