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The Beginning of Nursing in Brazil: Brazilian Sanitarians and American Nurses

The Beginning of Nursing in Brazil: Brazilian Sanitarians and American Nurses The Beginning of Nursing in Brazil Brazilian Sanitarians and American Nurses l EDA DE ALENCAR BARREIRA Anna Nery School ofNursing Th is paper describes the circumstances under which modern n u rsing was intro­ duced in early twentieth-cen tury Brazil, in the city of Rio de Janeiro, then the country's capital. This ch ange was supported by Brazilian public health and American nursing, within the 1920s' sanitary reform. These di rectives meant a disruption of the former health policy. The paper also analy-Les the basis on which modern nurs ing education and p ractice began in Brazil, withi n the recently created National Department of Public Health (DNSP). This happened under polit ical and ideological American influence and emphasized the role then assigned to the public health nu rse. Finally, the formation and reprod uction of this new agen t in a nu rsing school is discussed . Im roducrio n Beginning early in this century, popular literature d escri bi ng u nhealthy livi ng conditions in Brazil proliferated . The need for a public health movement became apparem as nationalist intellectuals took note and the conscience of sani tarians (publ ic health advocates) was raised. They formed http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Nursing History Review Springer Publishing

The Beginning of Nursing in Brazil: Brazilian Sanitarians and American Nurses

Nursing History Review , Volume 10 (1): 15 – Jan 1, 2002

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Publisher
Springer Publishing
ISSN
1062-8061
eISSN
1938-1913
DOI
10.1891/1062-8061.10.1.33
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

The Beginning of Nursing in Brazil Brazilian Sanitarians and American Nurses l EDA DE ALENCAR BARREIRA Anna Nery School ofNursing Th is paper describes the circumstances under which modern n u rsing was intro­ duced in early twentieth-cen tury Brazil, in the city of Rio de Janeiro, then the country's capital. This ch ange was supported by Brazilian public health and American nursing, within the 1920s' sanitary reform. These di rectives meant a disruption of the former health policy. The paper also analy-Les the basis on which modern nurs ing education and p ractice began in Brazil, withi n the recently created National Department of Public Health (DNSP). This happened under polit ical and ideological American influence and emphasized the role then assigned to the public health nu rse. Finally, the formation and reprod uction of this new agen t in a nu rsing school is discussed . Im roducrio n Beginning early in this century, popular literature d escri bi ng u nhealthy livi ng conditions in Brazil proliferated . The need for a public health movement became apparem as nationalist intellectuals took note and the conscience of sani tarians (publ ic health advocates) was raised. They formed

Journal

Nursing History ReviewSpringer Publishing

Published: Jan 1, 2002

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