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Sociodemographic Correlates of Sleep Among Older African American Men and Women

Sociodemographic Correlates of Sleep Among Older African American Men and Women Insufficient sleep is a major public health problem and is linked to early mortality and chronic and serious morbidities. Although widespread, insufficient sleep disproportionately affects African Americans. The aim of this study was to identify sociodemographic correlates of sleep in a nationally representative sample of older African Americans. A secondary aim of this study was to determine whether particular sociodemographic characteristics function differently in relation to sleep for older African American men and women. The analyses used data from the National Survey of American Life-Reinterview ( N = 459). Sleep variables examined included sleep duration, restless sleep, trouble falling asleep, and sleep satisfaction. Multiple linear, logistic, and multinomial logistic regressions were used to identify correlates of sleep. Gender stratified analyses were used to test for gender differences in sleep correlates. The findings indicated that age, education, family income, material hardship, employment status, marital status, and region of residence were associated with multiple sleep outcomes. Stratified analyses revealed that these associations varied by gender. This study underscores the heterogeneity in sleep outcomes within the older African American population and argues for the importance of focused research in diverse populations using within-group designs. These findings extend the limited research literature on correlates of sleep among older adults and populations of color. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Annual Review of Gerontology & Geriatrics Springer Publishing

Sociodemographic Correlates of Sleep Among Older African American Men and Women

Annual Review of Gerontology & Geriatrics , Volume 41 (1): 30 – Feb 1, 2022

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Publisher
Springer Publishing
Copyright
© 2022 Springer Publishing Company
ISSN
0198-8794
eISSN
1944-4036
DOI
10.1891/0198-8794.41.33
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Insufficient sleep is a major public health problem and is linked to early mortality and chronic and serious morbidities. Although widespread, insufficient sleep disproportionately affects African Americans. The aim of this study was to identify sociodemographic correlates of sleep in a nationally representative sample of older African Americans. A secondary aim of this study was to determine whether particular sociodemographic characteristics function differently in relation to sleep for older African American men and women. The analyses used data from the National Survey of American Life-Reinterview ( N = 459). Sleep variables examined included sleep duration, restless sleep, trouble falling asleep, and sleep satisfaction. Multiple linear, logistic, and multinomial logistic regressions were used to identify correlates of sleep. Gender stratified analyses were used to test for gender differences in sleep correlates. The findings indicated that age, education, family income, material hardship, employment status, marital status, and region of residence were associated with multiple sleep outcomes. Stratified analyses revealed that these associations varied by gender. This study underscores the heterogeneity in sleep outcomes within the older African American population and argues for the importance of focused research in diverse populations using within-group designs. These findings extend the limited research literature on correlates of sleep among older adults and populations of color.

Journal

Annual Review of Gerontology & GeriatricsSpringer Publishing

Published: Feb 1, 2022

References