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Rest on Placement, Take up Preparation: The Educational Mission of the Circle of Negro Relief, Circa 1920s

Rest on Placement, Take up Preparation: The Educational Mission of the Circle of Negro Relief,... Rest on Placement, Take up Preparation: The Educational Mission of the Circle of Negro Relief, Circa 1920s Sandra B. Lewenson Pace University Introduction “Rest for the present on placement and take up the preparation of nurses, ” argued Adah Thoms. In May 1921, the noted Black public health nursing leader and executive board member urged the board of the Circle of Negro [sic] Relief (the Circle), to redirect their financial resources. She suggested that the board provide scholarships to educate Black public health nurses instead of paying them to work in southern rural communities. The Circle had experi- mented in placing Black nurses in rural communities, calling them the Blue Circle Nurses, but had found the cost too high to continue. The Blue Circle Nurses were the Circle’s response to the American Red Cross (ARC) who had initially refused to employ Black public health nurses in their rural nursing service. The ARC had started the Town and Country Nursing Service in 1912 and renamed it the Bureau of Public Health Nursing in 1918. With only a few exceptions the ARC did not accept Black nurses into the organization. In 1917 Frances Elliot Davis, a Black public health nurse received http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Nursing History Review Springer Publishing

Rest on Placement, Take up Preparation: The Educational Mission of the Circle of Negro Relief, Circa 1920s

Nursing History Review , Volume 29 (1): 16 – Dec 24, 2020

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Publisher
Springer Publishing
Copyright
© 2020 Springer Publishing Company
ISSN
1062-8061
eISSN
1938-1913
DOI
10.1891/1062-8061.29.163
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Rest on Placement, Take up Preparation: The Educational Mission of the Circle of Negro Relief, Circa 1920s Sandra B. Lewenson Pace University Introduction “Rest for the present on placement and take up the preparation of nurses, ” argued Adah Thoms. In May 1921, the noted Black public health nursing leader and executive board member urged the board of the Circle of Negro [sic] Relief (the Circle), to redirect their financial resources. She suggested that the board provide scholarships to educate Black public health nurses instead of paying them to work in southern rural communities. The Circle had experi- mented in placing Black nurses in rural communities, calling them the Blue Circle Nurses, but had found the cost too high to continue. The Blue Circle Nurses were the Circle’s response to the American Red Cross (ARC) who had initially refused to employ Black public health nurses in their rural nursing service. The ARC had started the Town and Country Nursing Service in 1912 and renamed it the Bureau of Public Health Nursing in 1918. With only a few exceptions the ARC did not accept Black nurses into the organization. In 1917 Frances Elliot Davis, a Black public health nurse received

Journal

Nursing History ReviewSpringer Publishing

Published: Dec 24, 2020

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