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Refuge and Rescue: Jewish Nurse Refugees and the International Council of Nurses, 1947–1965

Refuge and Rescue: Jewish Nurse Refugees and the International Council of Nurses, 1947–1965 Refuge and Rescue Jewish Nurse Refugees and the International Council of Nurses, 1947-1 965 BARBAM L. BRUSH School of Nursing Boston College In 1 993, while data was king collected for the centennial history of the Interna- tional Council of Nurses (ICN), the records of over two rhousand nurse refugees were discovered in the basement of ICN headquarters in Geneva, Swiaerland.' Slated for destruction, the files containad evidence of the organization's involve- ment with nurses seeking esmpe from political, economic, religious, and social persecution between 1944 and 1969. Nurse refugees, displaced from Eastern European countries, Germany, and former USSR republics and relocating to the United States, Canada, Israel, the United Kingdom, Australia, New Zealand, and liberated European countries, sought ICN assistance to verify their nursing credentials for employment.2 Of these nurses, approxi- mately 3 percent identified themselves as Je~ish.~ Reflecting genera1 patterns of Jewish displacement, most were From P~land.~ Using the ICN files as a basis of analysis, this article examines Jewish refugee nurses' lives during and after the Third Reich through a series of related questions: How did nurses' experiences differ from those of physicians and other caretakers in hospitals and infirmaries? How did their lives as mothers, http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Nursing History Review Springer Publishing

Refuge and Rescue: Jewish Nurse Refugees and the International Council of Nurses, 1947–1965

Nursing History Review , Volume 7 (1): 13 – Jan 1, 1999

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Publisher
Springer Publishing
ISSN
1062-8061
eISSN
1938-1913
DOI
10.1891/1062-8061.7.1.113
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Refuge and Rescue Jewish Nurse Refugees and the International Council of Nurses, 1947-1 965 BARBAM L. BRUSH School of Nursing Boston College In 1 993, while data was king collected for the centennial history of the Interna- tional Council of Nurses (ICN), the records of over two rhousand nurse refugees were discovered in the basement of ICN headquarters in Geneva, Swiaerland.' Slated for destruction, the files containad evidence of the organization's involve- ment with nurses seeking esmpe from political, economic, religious, and social persecution between 1944 and 1969. Nurse refugees, displaced from Eastern European countries, Germany, and former USSR republics and relocating to the United States, Canada, Israel, the United Kingdom, Australia, New Zealand, and liberated European countries, sought ICN assistance to verify their nursing credentials for employment.2 Of these nurses, approxi- mately 3 percent identified themselves as Je~ish.~ Reflecting genera1 patterns of Jewish displacement, most were From P~land.~ Using the ICN files as a basis of analysis, this article examines Jewish refugee nurses' lives during and after the Third Reich through a series of related questions: How did nurses' experiences differ from those of physicians and other caretakers in hospitals and infirmaries? How did their lives as mothers,

Journal

Nursing History ReviewSpringer Publishing

Published: Jan 1, 1999

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