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Old Nurses and New: Nursing in the London Teaching Hospitals Before and After the Mid-Nineteenth-Century Reforms

Old Nurses and New: Nursing in the London Teaching Hospitals Before and After the... Old Nurses and New Nursing in the London Teaching Hospitals Before and After the Mid-Nineteenth-Century Reforms CARO t HBLMSTADTER Ontario Nurses' Assmiation Toronto, Canada Introduction The modem %ained nurse" emerged in the second halfof the nineteenth century in the twelve London teaching hospitals.' Also called he "&dent nurse'' or the "Nighmgale nurse," this rigidly disciplined, unquestioning nurse became the standard throughout the Emh-speakmg world for a hundred years. She personified a new professional model that has amacted much criticism and raised many questions in recent nursing history scholar- ship. Tbe rise of clinical medicine at the end of the eighteenth century made a more professional nurse necessary. A w, empirical medicine, based on teaching and research in hospitals, was replacing the old academic medi- cine, which was based on classical Greek and Latin m. The new medicine placed inmingly heav mains on hospital nursing systems. The old hospimls had been mentidy social service agencies for rhe indigent, the he, and the sick poor. As doctors gained more duence with hospital administrations, they began adnutting patienu increasingly for medical. rather than social or economic m.sons.These much sicker patients re- quired more intelligent and responsible nursing care than the great major- http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Nursing History Review Springer Publishing

Old Nurses and New: Nursing in the London Teaching Hospitals Before and After the Mid-Nineteenth-Century Reforms

Nursing History Review , Volume 1 (1): 28 – Jan 1, 1993

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Publisher
Springer Publishing
ISSN
1062-8061
eISSN
1938-1913
DOI
10.1891/1062-8061.1.1.43
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Old Nurses and New Nursing in the London Teaching Hospitals Before and After the Mid-Nineteenth-Century Reforms CARO t HBLMSTADTER Ontario Nurses' Assmiation Toronto, Canada Introduction The modem %ained nurse" emerged in the second halfof the nineteenth century in the twelve London teaching hospitals.' Also called he "&dent nurse'' or the "Nighmgale nurse," this rigidly disciplined, unquestioning nurse became the standard throughout the Emh-speakmg world for a hundred years. She personified a new professional model that has amacted much criticism and raised many questions in recent nursing history scholar- ship. Tbe rise of clinical medicine at the end of the eighteenth century made a more professional nurse necessary. A w, empirical medicine, based on teaching and research in hospitals, was replacing the old academic medi- cine, which was based on classical Greek and Latin m. The new medicine placed inmingly heav mains on hospital nursing systems. The old hospimls had been mentidy social service agencies for rhe indigent, the he, and the sick poor. As doctors gained more duence with hospital administrations, they began adnutting patienu increasingly for medical. rather than social or economic m.sons.These much sicker patients re- quired more intelligent and responsible nursing care than the great major-

Journal

Nursing History ReviewSpringer Publishing

Published: Jan 1, 1993

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