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Nursing Reorganization in Occupied Japan, 1945–1951

Nursing Reorganization in Occupied Japan, 1945–1951 Nursing Reorganization in Occupied Japan, 1945-1951 REIKO SHIMAZAKJ RYDER Kawasaki Universicy Although formal nursing education in Japan began as early as 1885 , the social, economic, and cultural climate of the country prevented the development of effective training institutions and curricula until 1945 when the American occupation forces directed and supervised the establishment of the present system of nursing education and services. The Americans completely eradi­ cated the previous system, which had been implemented by the Meiji govern­ ment after the overthrow of the feudal system in 1868. Although the reorganization of nursing and , indeed, the reorganization of Japan in general was nominally carried out through the existing Japanese government, the Japanese people had virtually no power to affect their own national affairs. Reforms were carried out by edict of the American occupation forces with little or no explanation provided ro the public. In July 1948 a new Japanese system for nursing service and education was founded under the supervision of the American occupation forces, largely by means of the Public H ealth Nurse, Midwife, and Nurse Law 203. Today, we are confronting several problems stemming from the reorganization carried out by the occupation forces, problems not anticipated http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Nursing History Review Springer Publishing

Nursing Reorganization in Occupied Japan, 1945–1951

Nursing History Review , Volume 8 (1): 23 – Jan 1, 2000

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Publisher
Springer Publishing
ISSN
1062-8061
eISSN
1938-1913
DOI
10.1891/1062-8061.8.1.71
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Nursing Reorganization in Occupied Japan, 1945-1951 REIKO SHIMAZAKJ RYDER Kawasaki Universicy Although formal nursing education in Japan began as early as 1885 , the social, economic, and cultural climate of the country prevented the development of effective training institutions and curricula until 1945 when the American occupation forces directed and supervised the establishment of the present system of nursing education and services. The Americans completely eradi­ cated the previous system, which had been implemented by the Meiji govern­ ment after the overthrow of the feudal system in 1868. Although the reorganization of nursing and , indeed, the reorganization of Japan in general was nominally carried out through the existing Japanese government, the Japanese people had virtually no power to affect their own national affairs. Reforms were carried out by edict of the American occupation forces with little or no explanation provided ro the public. In July 1948 a new Japanese system for nursing service and education was founded under the supervision of the American occupation forces, largely by means of the Public H ealth Nurse, Midwife, and Nurse Law 203. Today, we are confronting several problems stemming from the reorganization carried out by the occupation forces, problems not anticipated

Journal

Nursing History ReviewSpringer Publishing

Published: Jan 1, 2000

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