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Memory and Aging: Relevance of Recent Developments for Research and Application

Memory and Aging: Relevance of Recent Developments for Research and Application Memory and Aging: Relevance of Recent Developments for Research and Application Over the past decade the experimental literature on age-related differences in memory has expanded extremely rapidly. Almost all phases of human memory have been examined for age-related differences using innumer- able experimental procedures. The general conclusion of these numerous experiments is that almost all aspects of memory show an impairment with increasing age. The only exception seems to be a preservation of primary memory (Waugh and Norman, 1965). Much of this vast literature has been reviewed elsewhere ( i.e., Craik, 1977). Accordingly, this chapter will focus on two issues that have not received recent attention. First, three psychological accounts of memory will be described: these provide alternatives to the serial stage model of memory, which has dominated most of the research on memory, both as regards normal memory and aging memory. These alternative models offer the possibility of giving more detailed and sophisticated accounts of where and how age-related deficits in memory came about. Second, we will discuss some possibilities for interventions aimed at improving memory function in the elderly. The interventions we discuss are pharmacological ones. Each of the three alternative views of memory processes to be http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Annual Review of Gerontology & Geriatrics Springer Publishing

Memory and Aging: Relevance of Recent Developments for Research and Application

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Publisher
Springer Publishing
ISSN
0198-8794
eISSN
1944-4036
DOI
10.1891/0198-8794.1.1.97
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Memory and Aging: Relevance of Recent Developments for Research and Application Over the past decade the experimental literature on age-related differences in memory has expanded extremely rapidly. Almost all phases of human memory have been examined for age-related differences using innumer- able experimental procedures. The general conclusion of these numerous experiments is that almost all aspects of memory show an impairment with increasing age. The only exception seems to be a preservation of primary memory (Waugh and Norman, 1965). Much of this vast literature has been reviewed elsewhere ( i.e., Craik, 1977). Accordingly, this chapter will focus on two issues that have not received recent attention. First, three psychological accounts of memory will be described: these provide alternatives to the serial stage model of memory, which has dominated most of the research on memory, both as regards normal memory and aging memory. These alternative models offer the possibility of giving more detailed and sophisticated accounts of where and how age-related deficits in memory came about. Second, we will discuss some possibilities for interventions aimed at improving memory function in the elderly. The interventions we discuss are pharmacological ones. Each of the three alternative views of memory processes to be

Journal

Annual Review of Gerontology & GeriatricsSpringer Publishing

Published: Sep 1, 1980

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