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Language and Cognition during Aging

Language and Cognition during Aging Language and Cognition during Aging DONNA Comw, PH.D. SUZANNE WU, PH.D. DBPARTMENT OF PSYCHI~TRY AND BE~VIORAL SCIENCES UNIVERSITY OF WASHINGTON SEATTLE. WASHIFIGTON Reading the literature on cognition and aging can be a confusing experi- ence. The observation that cognition or mentation may change or worsen has keen recognized for a long time, but few investigators have asked the next question: If a person who happens to be old is dm not performing well, why not? Cognition is formally regarded as a set of specific and mea- surable behavioral skills such as attention, memory, xeasoning, and so on. More specifically, cogmtive competence in the aged is a combination of what a person knows, how well she or he is able to manipulate that knowl- edge, and the absence of disease. A precise evaluation of health versus pathology is a key distinction to be made when discussing cognitive deficits in the aged. A satisfactory analysis of cognition in the aged requires a simultaneous focus upon behavior and its biological foundation via the nervous system, the vascular system, the endocrine system, or the immune system. Older people are unquestionably different from younger people. It is our contention that a careful examination of http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Annual Review of Gerontology & Geriatrics Springer Publishing

Language and Cognition during Aging

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Publisher
Springer Publishing
ISSN
0198-8794
eISSN
1944-4036
DOI
10.1891/0198-8794.1.1.71
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Language and Cognition during Aging DONNA Comw, PH.D. SUZANNE WU, PH.D. DBPARTMENT OF PSYCHI~TRY AND BE~VIORAL SCIENCES UNIVERSITY OF WASHINGTON SEATTLE. WASHIFIGTON Reading the literature on cognition and aging can be a confusing experi- ence. The observation that cognition or mentation may change or worsen has keen recognized for a long time, but few investigators have asked the next question: If a person who happens to be old is dm not performing well, why not? Cognition is formally regarded as a set of specific and mea- surable behavioral skills such as attention, memory, xeasoning, and so on. More specifically, cogmtive competence in the aged is a combination of what a person knows, how well she or he is able to manipulate that knowl- edge, and the absence of disease. A precise evaluation of health versus pathology is a key distinction to be made when discussing cognitive deficits in the aged. A satisfactory analysis of cognition in the aged requires a simultaneous focus upon behavior and its biological foundation via the nervous system, the vascular system, the endocrine system, or the immune system. Older people are unquestionably different from younger people. It is our contention that a careful examination of

Journal

Annual Review of Gerontology & GeriatricsSpringer Publishing

Published: Sep 1, 1980

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