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Kin Structure and Assistance in Aging Societies

Kin Structure and Assistance in Aging Societies CHAPTER 8 Kin Structure and Assistance in Aging Societies DENNIS P. HOGAN POPlIl.A110N RF.5EARCH INSTITUTE THE PENNSYLVANIA STATE UNIVERSITY LAURA J. SPENCER DEPARTME.'IT Of SOCIOLOGY THE PENNSYLVANIA STATE UNIVERSITY This chapter analyzes variations in kin group structure and reliance on kin assistance in aging societies. II examines the kin networks of men and women over their adult lives, and the ways in which kin networks differ by social status, life-cycle stage, and community structure in seven urban, industrial nations. This research shows thai even in aging societies almost all persons have some sur­ viving kin and most have generational kin. Kin structures vary considerably over the life course but relatively little across nalions. The presence of generational kin greatly increases the expectation of reliance on kin during times of need . But beyond this the complexity of lineage has no impact. Compared with other populations, Americans more often rely on a spouse for assistance. They less often rely on parents. children, or other kin for assistance. These national dif­ ferences are especially pronounced among the elderly. However, because of the weak public welfare system Americans more often need kin assistance in times of financial need. The effects of demographic http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Annual Review of Gerontology & Geriatrics Springer Publishing

Kin Structure and Assistance in Aging Societies

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Publisher
Springer Publishing
ISSN
0198-8794
eISSN
1944-4036
DOI
10.1891/0198-8794.13.1.169
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

CHAPTER 8 Kin Structure and Assistance in Aging Societies DENNIS P. HOGAN POPlIl.A110N RF.5EARCH INSTITUTE THE PENNSYLVANIA STATE UNIVERSITY LAURA J. SPENCER DEPARTME.'IT Of SOCIOLOGY THE PENNSYLVANIA STATE UNIVERSITY This chapter analyzes variations in kin group structure and reliance on kin assistance in aging societies. II examines the kin networks of men and women over their adult lives, and the ways in which kin networks differ by social status, life-cycle stage, and community structure in seven urban, industrial nations. This research shows thai even in aging societies almost all persons have some sur­ viving kin and most have generational kin. Kin structures vary considerably over the life course but relatively little across nalions. The presence of generational kin greatly increases the expectation of reliance on kin during times of need . But beyond this the complexity of lineage has no impact. Compared with other populations, Americans more often rely on a spouse for assistance. They less often rely on parents. children, or other kin for assistance. These national dif­ ferences are especially pronounced among the elderly. However, because of the weak public welfare system Americans more often need kin assistance in times of financial need. The effects of demographic

Journal

Annual Review of Gerontology & GeriatricsSpringer Publishing

Published: Jan 1, 1993

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