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Frances Elisabeth Crowell and the Politics of Nursing in Czechoslovakia after the First World War

Frances Elisabeth Crowell and the Politics of Nursing in Czechoslovakia after the First World War Frances Elisabeth Crowell and the Politics of Nursing in Czechoslovakia after the First World War Frances Elisabeth Crowell (1 874-1 9501, an American nurse-socid worker, played a key role in the development of nursing in Europe between the two world wars. As a member of the Rockefeller Foundation (RF), she first served on the Commission for the Prevention of Tuberculosis in France from 19 17 until 1923, and then in the Division of Studies Program in Paris, a position she held until her retirement in 1940. In this latter capacity, she studied the nursing needs of continental European countries; proposed nursing education programs; and worked with European government healrh officials, nursing personnel, and the RF in implementing approved recommendations. Crowell's assessments revealed that the concept of nursing in Europe varied as a result of firmly entrenchcd cultural traditions defining women's roles. Moreover, governments most frequently controlled the development of nursing pro- grams. Her analyses of nursing conditions in European states also reflected the political uncertainties of postwar Europe. An astute observer, she must have appreciated the delicacy of her position as an American in the wake of her country's rejection of the Versailles Treaty and her relationship to a http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Nursing History Review Springer Publishing

Frances Elisabeth Crowell and the Politics of Nursing in Czechoslovakia after the First World War

Nursing History Review , Volume 7 (1): 30 – Jan 1, 1999

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Publisher
Springer Publishing
ISSN
1062-8061
eISSN
1938-1913
DOI
10.1891/1062-8061.7.1.67
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Frances Elisabeth Crowell and the Politics of Nursing in Czechoslovakia after the First World War Frances Elisabeth Crowell (1 874-1 9501, an American nurse-socid worker, played a key role in the development of nursing in Europe between the two world wars. As a member of the Rockefeller Foundation (RF), she first served on the Commission for the Prevention of Tuberculosis in France from 19 17 until 1923, and then in the Division of Studies Program in Paris, a position she held until her retirement in 1940. In this latter capacity, she studied the nursing needs of continental European countries; proposed nursing education programs; and worked with European government healrh officials, nursing personnel, and the RF in implementing approved recommendations. Crowell's assessments revealed that the concept of nursing in Europe varied as a result of firmly entrenchcd cultural traditions defining women's roles. Moreover, governments most frequently controlled the development of nursing pro- grams. Her analyses of nursing conditions in European states also reflected the political uncertainties of postwar Europe. An astute observer, she must have appreciated the delicacy of her position as an American in the wake of her country's rejection of the Versailles Treaty and her relationship to a

Journal

Nursing History ReviewSpringer Publishing

Published: Jan 1, 1999

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