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Examining the Factors Affecting High Diabetes Rates in Southern States: A Brief Report

Examining the Factors Affecting High Diabetes Rates in Southern States: A Brief Report Purpose Evidence shows that region of country is a critical factor in understanding diabetes-related health disparities. The purpose of this study was to examine whether geographic location (southern states vs. other states) attenuate or strengthen the relationship between state diabetes rates and (a) race/ethnicity, (b) income, and (c) percentage of physical inactivity. Method The state-level data was extracted from multiple public websites. Descriptive statistics and moderation analyses were conducted to test research questions. Results Results revealed that the magnitudes of relationship between state diabetes rate and (a) income and (b) percentage of Black/African American were affected by geographic location (southern states vs other states). Conclusions Given Southern states have substantial health disparities compared to non-Southern states, key stakeholders and the public health system should emphasize the importance of developing and evaluating effective public health policies based on income, physical activity, and race/ethnicity. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Rehabilitation Research, Policy and Education Springer Publishing

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Publisher
Springer Publishing
Copyright
© 2021 Springer Publishing Company
ISSN
2168-6653
eISSN
2168-6661
DOI
10.1891/re-19-16
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Purpose Evidence shows that region of country is a critical factor in understanding diabetes-related health disparities. The purpose of this study was to examine whether geographic location (southern states vs. other states) attenuate or strengthen the relationship between state diabetes rates and (a) race/ethnicity, (b) income, and (c) percentage of physical inactivity. Method The state-level data was extracted from multiple public websites. Descriptive statistics and moderation analyses were conducted to test research questions. Results Results revealed that the magnitudes of relationship between state diabetes rate and (a) income and (b) percentage of Black/African American were affected by geographic location (southern states vs other states). Conclusions Given Southern states have substantial health disparities compared to non-Southern states, key stakeholders and the public health system should emphasize the importance of developing and evaluating effective public health policies based on income, physical activity, and race/ethnicity.

Journal

Rehabilitation Research, Policy and EducationSpringer Publishing

Published: Mar 26, 2021

References