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An Experiment in Leadership: The Rise of Student Government at Philadelphia General Hospital Training School, 1920-1930

An Experiment in Leadership: The Rise of Student Government at Philadelphia General Hospital... An Experiment in Leadership The Rise of Student Government at Philadelphia General Hospital Training School, 1320- 1930 KAREN J. EGENES Marcella Niehoff School of Nursing Loyola University Chicago The decade of the 1920s is ofeen considered a time of little progress in nursing education, but forces were at work to reform the educational and living environments of hospital training schools. Responding to a variety of internal and external influences during the 1920s, hospital training programs found it necessary to move from a st~ictly authoritarian model to a stronger educational model more attentive to student learning needs and personal autonomy. This paper discusses an experiment that contributed to the needed reform. Hospital Training Schools Nursing education was primarily an apprenticeship in which students staffed a hospital and provided acheap source oflabor. Because students were the work force, needs of the hospital had priority over educational needs of the students. Formal classes were held irregularly, ofcen in the evenings after students had completed a grueling 12-hour work day. This exploiration of students was rationalized by asserting that it caught discipline and order through practice of nursing skiIls. Nursing schools came under attack from national media as early as 1906, when an http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Nursing History Review Springer Publishing

An Experiment in Leadership: The Rise of Student Government at Philadelphia General Hospital Training School, 1920-1930

Nursing History Review , Volume 6 (1): 14 – Jan 1, 1998

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Publisher
Springer Publishing
ISSN
1062-8061
eISSN
1938-1913
DOI
10.1891/1062-8061.6.1.71
Publisher site
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Abstract

An Experiment in Leadership The Rise of Student Government at Philadelphia General Hospital Training School, 1320- 1930 KAREN J. EGENES Marcella Niehoff School of Nursing Loyola University Chicago The decade of the 1920s is ofeen considered a time of little progress in nursing education, but forces were at work to reform the educational and living environments of hospital training schools. Responding to a variety of internal and external influences during the 1920s, hospital training programs found it necessary to move from a st~ictly authoritarian model to a stronger educational model more attentive to student learning needs and personal autonomy. This paper discusses an experiment that contributed to the needed reform. Hospital Training Schools Nursing education was primarily an apprenticeship in which students staffed a hospital and provided acheap source oflabor. Because students were the work force, needs of the hospital had priority over educational needs of the students. Formal classes were held irregularly, ofcen in the evenings after students had completed a grueling 12-hour work day. This exploiration of students was rationalized by asserting that it caught discipline and order through practice of nursing skiIls. Nursing schools came under attack from national media as early as 1906, when an

Journal

Nursing History ReviewSpringer Publishing

Published: Jan 1, 1998

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