Vasoactive intestinal polypeptide increases in areas of the dorsal horn of the spinal cord from which other neuropeptides are depleted following peripheral axotomy

Vasoactive intestinal polypeptide increases in areas of the dorsal horn of the spinal cord from... 221 62 62 2 2 S. A. S. Shehab M. E. Atkinson Department of Anatomy and Cell Biology University of Sheffield S10 2TN Sheffield UK Summary Peripheral nerve section or local capsaicin application produces depletion of substance P and an enzymatic marker, fluoride-resistant acid phosphatase (FRAP), from circumscribed regions of the terminal areas in the spinal cord. We have made use of this phenomenon to map the extent of central termination of subpopulations of primary afferent neurons containing substance P (SP), somatostatin (SOM), cholecystokinin (CCK), vasoactive intestinal polypeptide (VIP) and FRAP in the rat lumbar spinal cord following sciatic nerve section at midthigh level under ether anaesthesia. Between 2 days and 1 year postoperatively, the animals were perfused transcardially and SP, CCK, VIP and SOM were localised in frozen transverse sections of spinal cord segments L1 to S2 and their corresponding ganglia using unlabelled antibody immunohistochemistry. FRAP was localised using a modified Gomori method. SP, SOM, CCK and FRAP were maximally depleted from identical restricted areas of the dorsal horn of the third, fourth and fifth lumbar segments fifteen days after nerve section and remained so for a year. In contrast, VIP staining increased dramatically in the areas from which the other markers were depleted and showed the same time course. Moreover, a large number of neurons in the corresponding ganglia showed positive VIP immunoreactivity after axotomy but were absent from the unoperated side. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Experimental Brain Research Springer Journals

Vasoactive intestinal polypeptide increases in areas of the dorsal horn of the spinal cord from which other neuropeptides are depleted following peripheral axotomy

Experimental Brain Research, Volume 62 (2) – Apr 1, 1986

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Publisher
Springer Journals
Copyright
Copyright © 1986 by Springer-Verlag
Subject
Biomedicine; Neurosciences; Neurology
ISSN
0014-4819
eISSN
1432-1106
DOI
10.1007/BF00238861
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

221 62 62 2 2 S. A. S. Shehab M. E. Atkinson Department of Anatomy and Cell Biology University of Sheffield S10 2TN Sheffield UK Summary Peripheral nerve section or local capsaicin application produces depletion of substance P and an enzymatic marker, fluoride-resistant acid phosphatase (FRAP), from circumscribed regions of the terminal areas in the spinal cord. We have made use of this phenomenon to map the extent of central termination of subpopulations of primary afferent neurons containing substance P (SP), somatostatin (SOM), cholecystokinin (CCK), vasoactive intestinal polypeptide (VIP) and FRAP in the rat lumbar spinal cord following sciatic nerve section at midthigh level under ether anaesthesia. Between 2 days and 1 year postoperatively, the animals were perfused transcardially and SP, CCK, VIP and SOM were localised in frozen transverse sections of spinal cord segments L1 to S2 and their corresponding ganglia using unlabelled antibody immunohistochemistry. FRAP was localised using a modified Gomori method. SP, SOM, CCK and FRAP were maximally depleted from identical restricted areas of the dorsal horn of the third, fourth and fifth lumbar segments fifteen days after nerve section and remained so for a year. In contrast, VIP staining increased dramatically in the areas from which the other markers were depleted and showed the same time course. Moreover, a large number of neurons in the corresponding ganglia showed positive VIP immunoreactivity after axotomy but were absent from the unoperated side.

Journal

Experimental Brain ResearchSpringer Journals

Published: Apr 1, 1986

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