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Vaccinomics: Current Findings, Challenges and Novel Approaches for Vaccine Development

Vaccinomics: Current Findings, Challenges and Novel Approaches for Vaccine Development Recent years have witnessed a growing interest in a field of vaccinology that we have named vaccinomics. The overall idea behind vaccinomics is to identify genetic and other mechanisms and pathways that determine immune responses, and thereby provide new candidate vaccine approaches. Considerable data show that host genetic polymorphisms act as important determinants of innate and adaptive immunity to vaccines. This review highlights examples of the role of immunogenetics and immunogenomics in understanding immune responses to vaccination, which are highly variable across the population. The influence of HLA genes, non-HLA, and innate genes in inter-individual variations in immune responses to viral vaccines are examined using population-based gene/SNP association studies. The ability to understand relationships between immune response gene variants and vaccine-specific immunity may assist in designing new vaccines. At the same time, application of state-of-the-art next-generation sequencing technology (and bioinformatics) is desired to provide new genetic information and its relationship to the immune response. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png "The AAPS Journal" Springer Journals

Vaccinomics: Current Findings, Challenges and Novel Approaches for Vaccine Development

"The AAPS Journal" , Volume 13 (3) – Sep 14, 2011

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Publisher
Springer Journals
Copyright
Copyright © American Association of Pharmaceutical Scientists 2011
eISSN
1550-7416
DOI
10.1208/s12248-011-9281-x
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Recent years have witnessed a growing interest in a field of vaccinology that we have named vaccinomics. The overall idea behind vaccinomics is to identify genetic and other mechanisms and pathways that determine immune responses, and thereby provide new candidate vaccine approaches. Considerable data show that host genetic polymorphisms act as important determinants of innate and adaptive immunity to vaccines. This review highlights examples of the role of immunogenetics and immunogenomics in understanding immune responses to vaccination, which are highly variable across the population. The influence of HLA genes, non-HLA, and innate genes in inter-individual variations in immune responses to viral vaccines are examined using population-based gene/SNP association studies. The ability to understand relationships between immune response gene variants and vaccine-specific immunity may assist in designing new vaccines. At the same time, application of state-of-the-art next-generation sequencing technology (and bioinformatics) is desired to provide new genetic information and its relationship to the immune response.

Journal

"The AAPS Journal"Springer Journals

Published: Sep 14, 2011

References