Purpose of review This review presents a critical appraisal of current therapeutic strategies for patients with idiopathic intracranial hypertension (IIH). We present the reader with the most recent evidence to support medical and surgical interventions in patients with IIH and provide recommendations about treatment initiation and escalation. We also indicate areas where knowledge gaps exist regarding therapeutic efficacy and superiority of one intervention over another. Recent findings A double-masked, randomized prospective study of medical management of patients with mild IIH (Idiopathic Intracranial Hypertension Treatment Trial—IIHTT) has established that acetazolamide therapy has additional efficacy when compared to weight loss alone. Furthermore, management of IIH-related headache, even in patients with papilledema, may require treatment other than ICP lowering for patients to experience symptomatic relief. Finally, a number of uncontrolled interventional studies have shown transverse sinus stenting to be a potentially effective treatment for medically refractory IIH. Summary Medical therapy with acetazolamide should be considered in addition to structured weight loss in patients with mild IIH. Surgical treatment for patients with vision- threatening disease IIH can be performed by either optic nerve sheath fenestration or cerebrospinal fluid diversion, with venous sinus stenting emerging as an alternate therapy. Headache relief from ICP lowering
Current Treatment Options in Neurology – Springer Journals
Published: May 28, 2018
It’s your single place to instantly
discover and read the research
that matters to you.
Enjoy affordable access to
over 18 million articles from more than
15,000 peer-reviewed journals.
All for just $49/month
Query the DeepDyve database, plus search all of PubMed and Google Scholar seamlessly
Save any article or search result from DeepDyve, PubMed, and Google Scholar... all in one place.
Get unlimited, online access to over 18 million full-text articles from more than 15,000 scientific journals.
Read from thousands of the leading scholarly journals from SpringerNature, Elsevier, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford University Press and more.
All the latest content is available, no embargo periods.
“Hi guys, I cannot tell you how much I love this resource. Incredible. I really believe you've hit the nail on the head with this site in regards to solving the research-purchase issue.”Daniel C.
“Whoa! It’s like Spotify but for academic articles.”@Phil_Robichaud
“I must say, @deepdyve is a fabulous solution to the independent researcher's problem of #access to #information.”@deepthiw
“My last article couldn't be possible without the platform @deepdyve that makes journal papers cheaper.”@JoseServera