Two naturally occurring deletion mutants of 12S seed storage proteins in Arabidopsis thaliana

Two naturally occurring deletion mutants of 12S seed storage proteins in Arabidopsis thaliana Two naturally occurring Arabidopsis mutants, Cape Verde Islands and Monte (Mr-0), with aberrant 12S seed storage protein (SSP) profiles have been identified by SDS-PAGE. In both mutants, one of the 12S globulin bands is missing while a new band of lower molecular mass is present. Tandem mass spectrometry-mass spectrometry (MS/MS) analyses of the mutant peptides have revealed that both are shorter variants of 12S globulin with deletion sites detected within the α-subunits of 12S globulin cruciferin B (CRB) and C (CRC), respectively. Sequence analyses of the genomic DNA flanking the deletion sites have demonstrated that both deletions occurred at the genomic level. These two mutants are referred to as CRBΔ12 and CRCΔ13 with the delta sign indicating a deletion and the number indicating amino acids deleted. Alignment of these two mutant sequences with that of soybean A3B4 subunit, for which the crystal structure was determined recently, have revealed that the CRCΔ13 deletion is located in a hypervariable/disordered region, and will probably not affect the structure of the hexameric globulin. The CRBΔ12 deletion, however, is located in a binding region that is thought to be important for the hexamer formation. However, CRBΔ12 appears to accumulate normally as judged by its band intensity relative to the other SSP subunits on the protein gels. Thus it seems that the seed can, to a certain extent, tolerate some mutations in its storage proteins. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Planta Springer Journals

Two naturally occurring deletion mutants of 12S seed storage proteins in Arabidopsis thaliana

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Publisher
Springer Journals
Copyright
Copyright © 2005 by Springer-Verlag
Subject
LifeSciences
ISSN
0032-0935
eISSN
1432-2048
DOI
10.1007/s00425-005-1555-z
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Two naturally occurring Arabidopsis mutants, Cape Verde Islands and Monte (Mr-0), with aberrant 12S seed storage protein (SSP) profiles have been identified by SDS-PAGE. In both mutants, one of the 12S globulin bands is missing while a new band of lower molecular mass is present. Tandem mass spectrometry-mass spectrometry (MS/MS) analyses of the mutant peptides have revealed that both are shorter variants of 12S globulin with deletion sites detected within the α-subunits of 12S globulin cruciferin B (CRB) and C (CRC), respectively. Sequence analyses of the genomic DNA flanking the deletion sites have demonstrated that both deletions occurred at the genomic level. These two mutants are referred to as CRBΔ12 and CRCΔ13 with the delta sign indicating a deletion and the number indicating amino acids deleted. Alignment of these two mutant sequences with that of soybean A3B4 subunit, for which the crystal structure was determined recently, have revealed that the CRCΔ13 deletion is located in a hypervariable/disordered region, and will probably not affect the structure of the hexameric globulin. The CRBΔ12 deletion, however, is located in a binding region that is thought to be important for the hexamer formation. However, CRBΔ12 appears to accumulate normally as judged by its band intensity relative to the other SSP subunits on the protein gels. Thus it seems that the seed can, to a certain extent, tolerate some mutations in its storage proteins.

Journal

PlantaSpringer Journals

Published: May 24, 2005

References

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