213 115 115 1 2 David H. Malin J. Ronald Lake Victoria A. Carter J. Scott Cunningham Kathleen M. Hebert Delia L. Conrad Owen B. Wilson University of Houston-Clear Lake Box 237 77058 Houston TX USA Baylor College of Medicine 77030 Houston TX USA Abstract Recently, a rodent model of nicotine abstinence syndrome has been developed based on observing the frequency of spontaneous behavioral signs following termination of continuous subcutaneous infusion of nicotine tartrate. In the present study, the nicotinic antagonist mecamylamine precipitated an abstinence syndrome in nicotine-dependent rats. Twelve rats were each infused for 7 days with 9 mg/kg per day nicotine tartrate in saline via Alzet osmotic minipumps; another 12 rats were shamoperated and remained nicotine-naive. Six rats from each group received 1 mg/kg mecamylamine in saline SC immediately before a 30-min observation, while the remaining six rats from each group received saline alone. Nicotine-infused rats receiving mecamylamine exhibited significantly more ( P <0.01), overall abstinence signs than all other groups. In terms of categories of signs, they displayed significantly more gasps/writhes, teeth chatter/chews, shakes/tremors and ptosis. In a second experiment utilizing only nicotine-naive rats, a far higher dose of mecamylamine (5 mg/kg sc) induced a quasi-nicotine abstinence syndrome. The results provide further validation for this rodent model of nicotine abstinence syndrome.
Psychopharmacology – Springer Journals
Published: Jun 1, 1994
It’s your single place to instantly
discover and read the research
that matters to you.
Enjoy affordable access to
over 18 million articles from more than
15,000 peer-reviewed journals.
All for just $49/month
Query the DeepDyve database, plus search all of PubMed and Google Scholar seamlessly
Save any article or search result from DeepDyve, PubMed, and Google Scholar... all in one place.
Get unlimited, online access to over 18 million full-text articles from more than 15,000 scientific journals.
Read from thousands of the leading scholarly journals from SpringerNature, Elsevier, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford University Press and more.
All the latest content is available, no embargo periods.
“Hi guys, I cannot tell you how much I love this resource. Incredible. I really believe you've hit the nail on the head with this site in regards to solving the research-purchase issue.”Daniel C.
“Whoa! It’s like Spotify but for academic articles.”@Phil_Robichaud
“I must say, @deepdyve is a fabulous solution to the independent researcher's problem of #access to #information.”@deepthiw
“My last article couldn't be possible without the platform @deepdyve that makes journal papers cheaper.”@JoseServera