Int J Polit Cult Soc (2005) 18:161–188 DOI 10.1007/s10767-006-9006-9 Luc Boltanski & Eve Chiapello Published online: 7 December 2006 Springer Science + Business Media, LLC 2006 The contrast between the France of 1968–1978 and the France of 1985–1995 cannot help but draw attention. The earlier decade was marked by aggressive social movements (not all of which were the doings of the working class); an extremely active trade unionism; changes in the allocation of value added which benefited wage-earners (as did the adoption of security-enhancing social legislation); and at the same time, lesser product quality and lower productivity gains, due at least in part to employers’ and corporate leaders’ inability to control labour. The later decade was marked by the quasi-absence of social movements (humanitarian aid being their only real manifestation); disoriented unions who had become reactive rather than proactive; an employment relationship that was increasingly precarious; a greater disparity in incomes and an allocation of the value added that once again became favourable to capital; the re-subjugation of a labour force undermined by a significant reduction in the number of strikes and social conflicts and by a drop in absenteeism and in staff turnover; and the manufacturing of higher
"International Journal of Politics, Culture, and Society" – Springer Journals
Published: Dec 7, 2006
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