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The Evolution of the Common Security and Defence PolicyThe Iraq War: Addressing European Fragmentation

The Evolution of the Common Security and Defence Policy: The Iraq War: Addressing European... [The US-led war against Iraq in 2003, with the participation of certain EU member states under the name ‘alliance of the willing’, was a major blow to European cohesion at the foreign policy level. The war dramatically divided the member states, on an issue pertaining to the very essence of EU foreign policy: should there be a military intervention without a UN Security Council resolution? The heated debate led to the adoption of the first ever European Security Strategy—ESS by Javier Solana in 2003, in an effort to overcome the divisions among member states on the war. Despite its weaknesses, the ESS managed to realign the member states around a series of principles (e.g. ‘effective multilateralism’) and initiatives that would pave the way for future developments. In that sense, the Iraq War was the critical juncture that permitted a reflection on the strategic goals, principles and objectives of the EU leading to the adoption of a European strategy. This strategic framework was crucial, as in 2003 the Union started to conduct military and civilian missions and operations.] http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png

The Evolution of the Common Security and Defence PolicyThe Iraq War: Addressing European Fragmentation

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Publisher
Springer International Publishing
Copyright
© The Editor(s) (if applicable) and The Author(s), under exclusive license to Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2022
ISBN
978-3-030-99157-9
Pages
83 –103
DOI
10.1007/978-3-030-99158-6_7
Publisher site
See Chapter on Publisher Site

Abstract

[The US-led war against Iraq in 2003, with the participation of certain EU member states under the name ‘alliance of the willing’, was a major blow to European cohesion at the foreign policy level. The war dramatically divided the member states, on an issue pertaining to the very essence of EU foreign policy: should there be a military intervention without a UN Security Council resolution? The heated debate led to the adoption of the first ever European Security Strategy—ESS by Javier Solana in 2003, in an effort to overcome the divisions among member states on the war. Despite its weaknesses, the ESS managed to realign the member states around a series of principles (e.g. ‘effective multilateralism’) and initiatives that would pave the way for future developments. In that sense, the Iraq War was the critical juncture that permitted a reflection on the strategic goals, principles and objectives of the EU leading to the adoption of a European strategy. This strategic framework was crucial, as in 2003 the Union started to conduct military and civilian missions and operations.]

Published: May 27, 2022

Keywords: Iraq War; European Security Strategy; Alliance of the willing; Lisbon Treaty; CSDP missions and operations; Effective multilateralism

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