The aim of the study was to establish whether the addition of berries (flowering quince, chokeberry) and rhubarb juice during jam processing improves its colour and enriches jams in polyphenol compounds other than those found in strawberries. The sum of phenolic compounds determined by HPLC was distributed in a wide concentration range depending on the cultivar. Jams prepared from Elkat cultivar had 27% more total phenolic compounds than jams prepared from Senga Sengana. The following compounds were identified in jams prepared from strawberries: p-coumaric, ferulic and ellagic acids, quercetin, kaempferol, anthocyanins, (+)-catechin, (−)-epicatechin and proanthocyanidins. Proanthocyanidins and ellagic acid are the major polyphenol compounds of all strawberries jams. The Elkat cultivar (47.34 mg/100 g) contained higher amounts of proanthocyanidins compared to Senga Sengana (29.95 mg/100 g). The addition of 10% of flowering quince and chokeberry to jams during their preparation resulted in the increase in the content of phenolic components in final products, especially for proanthocyanidins. The highest level of total polyphenols (P < 0.05) was found in strawberry mixed with chokeberry, 237.82 mg/100 g for Senga Sengana and 260.61 mg/100 g for Elkat. There has been a marked increase of proanthocyanidins content (5.4 and 4.0 times) in jams made from Senga Sengana and Elkat cultivars mixed with chokeberry. However, the addition of rhubarb juice did not increase the content of polyphenol in Senga Sengana jam (not statistically significant). Antioxidant activity of strawberry jam was determined by 2,2′azinobis-(3-ethylbenzthiazoline-6-sulphonic acid (ABTS), 1,1-Diphenyl-2-picrylhydrazyl radical (DPPH) and ferric reducing/antioxidant power methods (FRAP). The antioxidant activity of this mixed jam was more than two times higher (P < 0.05) than control sample of strawberry jam. Rhubarb juice had high effect on L* (lightness) value in case of all strawberry varieties. The redness (a*), and yellowness (b*) were significantly different in jams with supplement. Strawberry jam with chokeberries had smaller L* value than control and other samples, and the lowest a* and b* values. This variation could be due to the nature of the pigments in these fruit cultivars and the content of anthocyanins which resulted in more reddish colour.
European Food Research and Technology – Springer Journals
Published: Jan 24, 2008