The amino acid permease AAP8 is important for early seed development in Arabidopsis thaliana

The amino acid permease AAP8 is important for early seed development in Arabidopsis thaliana The development of seeds depends on the import of carbohydrates and amino acids supplied by the maternal tissue via the phloem. Several amino acid transporters have been reported to be expressed during seed and silique development in Arabidopsis thaliana (L.) Heynh. Here we show that mutants lacking the high affinity amino acid permease 8 (At1g10010) display a severe seed phenotype. The overall number of seeds and the number of normally developed seed is reduced by ∼50% in siliques of the Ataap8 T-DNA insertion mutant. This result could be reproduced in plants where expression of AtAAP8 is targeted with an RNAi approach. The seed phenotype is correlated with a specifically altered amino acid composition of young siliques. Aspartic acid and glutamic acid are significantly reduced in young siliques of the mutants. In correlation with the fact that AAP8 is a high affinity transporter for acidic amino acids, translocation of 14C-labelled aspartate fed via the root system to seeds of the mutants is reduced. AAP8 plays a crucial role for the uptake of amino acids into the endosperm and supplying the developing embryo with amino acids during early embryogenesis. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Planta Springer Journals

The amino acid permease AAP8 is important for early seed development in Arabidopsis thaliana

Planta, Volume 226 (4) – May 3, 2007

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Publisher
Springer Journals
Copyright
Copyright © 2007 by Springer-Verlag
Subject
Life Sciences; Forestry; Ecology; Agriculture; Plant Sciences
ISSN
0032-0935
eISSN
1432-2048
DOI
10.1007/s00425-007-0527-x
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

The development of seeds depends on the import of carbohydrates and amino acids supplied by the maternal tissue via the phloem. Several amino acid transporters have been reported to be expressed during seed and silique development in Arabidopsis thaliana (L.) Heynh. Here we show that mutants lacking the high affinity amino acid permease 8 (At1g10010) display a severe seed phenotype. The overall number of seeds and the number of normally developed seed is reduced by ∼50% in siliques of the Ataap8 T-DNA insertion mutant. This result could be reproduced in plants where expression of AtAAP8 is targeted with an RNAi approach. The seed phenotype is correlated with a specifically altered amino acid composition of young siliques. Aspartic acid and glutamic acid are significantly reduced in young siliques of the mutants. In correlation with the fact that AAP8 is a high affinity transporter for acidic amino acids, translocation of 14C-labelled aspartate fed via the root system to seeds of the mutants is reduced. AAP8 plays a crucial role for the uptake of amino acids into the endosperm and supplying the developing embryo with amino acids during early embryogenesis.

Journal

PlantaSpringer Journals

Published: May 3, 2007

References

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