The effect of rough-wall/fluid interaction on flow in nanochannels is investigated by NEMD. Hydrophobic and hydrophilic surfaces are studied for walls with nearly atomic-size rectangular protrusions and cavities. Our NEMD simulations reveal that the number of liquid atoms temporarily trapped in the cavities is affected by the strength of the potential energy inside the cavities. Regions of low potential energy are possible trapping locations. Fluid atom localization is also affected by the hydrophilicity/hydrophobicity of the surface. Potential energy is greater between two successive hydrophilic protrusions, compared to hydrophobic ones. Moreover, groove size and wall wettability are factors that control effective slip length. Surface roughness and wall wettability have to be taken into account in the design of nanofluidic devices.
Microfluids and Nanofluids – Springer Journals
Published: Jul 22, 2011
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