Specific down-regulation of PAL genes by artificial microRNAs in Populus trichocarpa

Specific down-regulation of PAL genes by artificial microRNAs in Populus trichocarpa Artificial microRNAs (amiRNAs) are similar to microRNAs (miRNAs) in that they are able to reduce the abundance of specific transcripts in plants by RNA-Induced Silencing Complex (RISC)-mediated cleavage and degradation, but differ in that they are designed for specific targets. The long generation times of forest trees have limited the discovery of mutations by conventional genetics. AmiRNAs can create gene-specific transcript reduction in transgenic trees in a single generation and may have broad application for functional genomics of trees. In this paper, we describe the specific down-regulation of multiple genes in the phenylalanine ammonia-lyase (PAL) gene family of Populus trichocarpa using amiRNA sequences incorporated in a P. trichocarpa miRNA-producing precursor, ptc-MIR408. Two different amiRNA constructs were designed to specifically down-regulate two different subsets of PAL genes, revealing differential regulation within the gene family. Down-regulation of subset A (PAL2, PAL4 and PAL5) by amiRNA-palA led to an increase in transcript abundance of subset B (PAL1 and PAL3). The reciprocal effect was not observed. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Planta Springer Journals

Specific down-regulation of PAL genes by artificial microRNAs in Populus trichocarpa

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Publisher
Springer Journals
Copyright
Copyright © 2010 by Springer-Verlag
Subject
Life Sciences; Ecology; Forestry; Agriculture; Plant Sciences
ISSN
0032-0935
eISSN
1432-2048
D.O.I.
10.1007/s00425-010-1253-3
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Artificial microRNAs (amiRNAs) are similar to microRNAs (miRNAs) in that they are able to reduce the abundance of specific transcripts in plants by RNA-Induced Silencing Complex (RISC)-mediated cleavage and degradation, but differ in that they are designed for specific targets. The long generation times of forest trees have limited the discovery of mutations by conventional genetics. AmiRNAs can create gene-specific transcript reduction in transgenic trees in a single generation and may have broad application for functional genomics of trees. In this paper, we describe the specific down-regulation of multiple genes in the phenylalanine ammonia-lyase (PAL) gene family of Populus trichocarpa using amiRNA sequences incorporated in a P. trichocarpa miRNA-producing precursor, ptc-MIR408. Two different amiRNA constructs were designed to specifically down-regulate two different subsets of PAL genes, revealing differential regulation within the gene family. Down-regulation of subset A (PAL2, PAL4 and PAL5) by amiRNA-palA led to an increase in transcript abundance of subset B (PAL1 and PAL3). The reciprocal effect was not observed.

Journal

PlantaSpringer Journals

Published: Aug 20, 2010

References

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