Spatial attributes and reserve design models: A review

Spatial attributes and reserve design models: A review A variety of decision models have been formulated for the optimal selection of nature reserve sites to represent a diversity of species or other conservation features. Unfortunately, many of these models tend to select scattered sites and do not take into account important spatial attributes such as reserve shape and connectivity. These attributes are likely to affect not only the persistence of species but also the general ecological functioning of reserves and the ability to effectively manage them. In response, researchers have begun formulating reserve design models that improve spatial coherence by controlling spatial attributes. We review the spatial attributes that are thought to be important in reserve design and also review reserve design models that incorporate one or more of these attributes. Spatial modeling issues, computational issues, and the trade-offs among competing optimization objectives are discussed. Directions for future research are identified. Ultimately, an argument is made for the development of models that capture the dynamic interdependencies among sites and species populations and thus incorporate the reasons why spatial attributes are important. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Environmental Modeling & Assessment Springer Journals

Spatial attributes and reserve design models: A review

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Publisher
Springer Journals
Copyright
Copyright © 2005 by Springer Science+Business Media, Inc.
Subject
Environment; Applications of Mathematics; Mathematical Modeling and Industrial Mathematics; Environment, general
ISSN
1420-2026
eISSN
1573-2967
D.O.I.
10.1007/s10666-005-9007-5
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

A variety of decision models have been formulated for the optimal selection of nature reserve sites to represent a diversity of species or other conservation features. Unfortunately, many of these models tend to select scattered sites and do not take into account important spatial attributes such as reserve shape and connectivity. These attributes are likely to affect not only the persistence of species but also the general ecological functioning of reserves and the ability to effectively manage them. In response, researchers have begun formulating reserve design models that improve spatial coherence by controlling spatial attributes. We review the spatial attributes that are thought to be important in reserve design and also review reserve design models that incorporate one or more of these attributes. Spatial modeling issues, computational issues, and the trade-offs among competing optimization objectives are discussed. Directions for future research are identified. Ultimately, an argument is made for the development of models that capture the dynamic interdependencies among sites and species populations and thus incorporate the reasons why spatial attributes are important.

Journal

Environmental Modeling & AssessmentSpringer Journals

Published: Nov 8, 2005

References

  • Effectiveness of alternative heuristic algorithms for identifying indicative minimum requirements for conservation reserves
    Pressey, R.L.; Possingham, H.P.; Day, J.R.
  • A note on optimal algorithms for reserve site selection
    Camm, J.D.; Polasky, S.; Solow, A.; Csuti, B.
  • Reserve selection as a maximal covering location problem
    Church, R.L.; Stoms, D.M.; Davis, F.W.
  • Flexibility, efficiency, and accountability: adapting reserve selection algorithms to more complex conservation problems
    Rodrigues, A.S.; Cerdeira, J.O.; Gaston, K.J.
  • Counterpart models in facility location science and reserve selection science
    ReVelle, C.S.; Williams, J.C.; Boland, J.J.

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