Soil salinity is the leading global abiotic stress which limits agricultural production with an annual increment of 10%. Therefore; a pot experiment was conducted with the aim to alleviate the salinity effects on wheat seedlings through exogenous application of silicon (Si) and selenium (Se). Treatments included in the study were viz. (Ck) control (no NaCl nor Si and Se added), only salinity (50 mM NaCl), salinity + Si (50 mM NaCl with 40 mM Si), salinity + Se (50 mM NaCl with 40 mM Se) and salinity + Si + Se (50 mM NaCl + 40 mM Si + 40 mM Si). The salt stress impaired the growth (root and shoot dry weight, root: shoot ratio, seedlings biomass), water relations, photosynthetic attributes, transpiration rate and chlorophyll contents of wheat seedlings. Nonetheless, the foliar application of Si and Se alone and in combination improved the growth, water relations, photosynthetic attributes, transpiration rate and chlorophyll contents of wheat seedlings under stressed conditions. Moreover, an increase in antioxidant enzyme activity and accumulation of osmo-protectants (proline, soluble protein and soluble sugar) was noted under stressed conditions, which was more pronounced in wheat seedling which experienced combined application of Si and Se. To conclude that, foliar application of Si alone mitigated the adverse effect of salinity, while the combined application of Si and Se was proved to be even more effective in alleviating the toxic effects of salinity stress on wheat seedlings.
Russian Journal of Plant Physiology – Springer Journals
Published: Apr 29, 2017
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