Complex study of the effect of soil drought (72 h) and subsequent rehydration for 24 and 48 h on the activities of antioxidant and osmoprotective systems in the leaves of young plants of winter wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) cvs. Ballada (high productivity) and Beltskaya (low productivity) was carried out. Under drought conditions, the content of water in the leaves of cv. Ballada reduced to a lesser degree than in the leaves of cv. Beltskaya. Drought did not affect the rate of leaf growth in cv. Ballada but retarded leaf growth in cv. Beltskaya. Under drought conditions, the content of ascorbate reduced in cv. Beltskaya but was not changed in cv. Ballada; the content of glutathione increased by 19% in cv. Ballada and by 30% in cv. Beltskaya. Under drought conditions, ascorbate peroxidase activity was not changed in cv. Ballada whereas in cv. Beltskaya there was a tendency to its decrease. Glutathione reductase activity in the leaves of cv. Beltskaya increased stronger than in cv. Ballada. Substantial differences between cultivars in the accumulation of reducing sugars and sucrose under water deficit were observed. In both cultivars, drought induced an active proline accumulation. Observed differences in the cultivar responses to water stress evidently indicate differences in the strategy of their adaptation to drought. Drought did not affect the contents of chlorophyll and MDA in both cultivars. The data obtained allow a suggestion that, under conditions of moderate soil drought, the coordinated system of antioxidant defense and osmotic control functioned sufficiently effective; as a result, oxidative stress was not developed in both cultivars. Young plants of both cultivars differing in their responses to water deficit retained the ability to recover after rehydration.
Russian Journal of Plant Physiology – Springer Journals
Published: Apr 22, 2013
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