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Fawu Wang, P. Sun, L. Highland, Q. Cheng (2014)Key factors influencing the mechanism of rapid and long runout landslides triggered by the 2008 Wenchuan earthquake, China
Geoenvironmental Disasters, 1
Fawu Wang (2014)Reducing geo-disasters for improving the relationships between geoenvironment and society
Geoenvironmental Disasters, 1
The 14th International Symposium on Geo-disaster Reduction (ISGdR) was held on 10–13 October 2016 in Chengdu, China. The 15th ISGdR is to be held at the Shimane University in Matsue, Japan from 26 to 31 August 2017. This article firstly outlines the background and aims of the ISGdR, reports on the 14th ISGdR in Chengdu, China, and then announces the plans for the 15th ISGdR in Matsue, Japan. Finally, it acknowledges for contributions for the organization of the 14th ISGdR. Keywords: International Consortium on Geo-disaster Reduction (ICGdR), International Symposium on Geo-disaster Reduction (ISGdR), Southwest Jiaotong University (SWJTU) Introduction Russia in 2010, and Universitas Gadjah Mada, Yogyakarta, Background of the ICGdR and ISGdR Indonesia in 2011, respectively. Gradually, the event trans- The International Consortium on Geo-disaster Reduc- formed from regional to international. In 2012, Shimane tion (ICGdR) is an international non-governmental and University, Japan organized the 10th symposium, and non-profit scientific organization legally registered as a about 100 participants attended this event. According to a non-profit organization in 2013 in the Shimane Prefecture regional initiative from Asia, the participants, of which according to the Japanese law (Wang 2014). Before the of- most are experts on geo-disaster reductions, had intent to ficial establishment of the ICGdR, the core members had establish an international consortium on geo-disaster re- conducted preparatory activities for 10 years. In 2003, the duction. In May 2013, the organizing meeting of the Inter- first symposium was held at Kanazawa University, Japan national Consortium on Geo-disaster Reduction (ICGdR) for the mitigation of geo-disasters in the areas around was held in China Institute of Disaster Prevention, Beijing, Japan Sea, which drew attention of researchers and engi- China. And later, the legal registration was completed in neers from China, Korea and Japan. The second, third and August 2013 in Matsue, Japan. fourth symposiums were also held at Kanazawa Univer- In 2013, the 11th symposium was successfully held in sity. Then, the fifth and sixth symposiums were held at Kathmandu, Nepal. The Nepalese Prime Minister (the Chang’an University and Kunming University of Science Chairman of the Interim Council of Ministers) inaugu- and Technology in China, respectively. In 2009, the sym- rated this event and gave great concern to geo-disaster posium was renamed as “The International Symposium reduction in the region. Based on the success of the last on Mitigation of Geo-disasters in Asia” in order to include ten symposia, the core members of ICGdR have agreed more countries and to cover a larger area. The seventh to open the symposium to now include the whole world, event was then held in Northeast Forestry University, as well as Asia. At this time the symposium was officially China. The eighth and ninth symposiums were held in renamed the “International Symposium on Geo-disaster National Far-East Technology University, Vladivostok, Reduction (ISGdR)”. The 12th and 13th ISGdR was held in Fullerton, California, USA in 2014 and in Prague, Czech Republic in 2015, respectively. * Correspondence: firstname.lastname@example.org Department of Geological Engineering, Southwest Jiaotong University, Chengdu, Sichuan 610031, China Full list of author information is available at the end of the article © The Author(s). 2017 Open Access This article is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided you give appropriate credit to the original author(s) and the source, provide a link to the Creative Commons license, and indicate if changes were made. Yang et al. Geoenvironmental Disasters (2017) 4:1 Page 2 of 10 Objectives of the ICGdR and ISGdR Protection, Chengdu University of Technology, China), Weiling Xu (Vice President, Sichuan University, China), 1. Promote geo-disaster reduction for the benefit of Fawu Wang (Director-General, International Consortium human society and the natural environment, and on Geo-disaster Reduction), Wengui Zhang (Vice Presi- capacity development, including education; dent, Southwest Jiaotong University, China). 2. Combine international expertise and coordinate their Committee Members: Xiaoqing Chen, Ranjan Kumar efforts in geo-disaster reduction, thereby resulting in Dahal, Chuan He, Xiewen Hu, Huijun Jin, Bo Li, Tianbin an effective international organization which will act Li, Guoxiang Liu, Xinnian Liu, Yu Liu, Fujun Niu, Sheng- as a partner in various projects; wen Qi, Ruitang Xu, Juhua Xiong, Yupeng Yao, Qing Zhu. 3. Promote regional and global, multidisciplinary activity Secretariat: Chair Person: Qiangong Cheng. on geo-disaster reduction. Vice Chair Persons: Hongbo Cai, Guangzhu Cao, Wei Che, Wei Hu, Guoyu Li, Shiguo Xiao, Lu Zheng, Gong- Organizers and organizing committee of the 14th dan Zhou. ISGdR Members: Tao Chen, Zili Dai, Xuanmei Fan, Fang Guan, Organizers: State-province Joint Engineering Laboratory Lanxin Huang, Fang Lin, Zhanju Lin, Chaojun Ouyang, of Spatial Information Technology for High Speed Railway Ronggao Qin, Yufeng Wang, Duqiang Yang, Hufeng Yang. Safety (Southwest Jiaotong University, China) and Inter- national Consortium on Geo-disaster Reduction (ICGdR). Report of the 14th ISGdR In cooperation with: State Key Laboratory of Geohazard State-province Joint Engineering Laboratory of Spatial Infor- Prevention and Geoenvironment Protection, (Chengdu Uni- mation Technology for High Speed Railway Safety, South- versity of Technology, China), Key Laboratory of Mountain west Jiaotong University organized the 14th International Hazards and Earth Surface Processes (Institute of Mountain Symposium on Geo-Disaster Reduction (ISGdR) in Hazards and Environment, Chinese Academy of Sciences), Chengdu, China on 10–13 October 2016 (Fig. 1). This series State Key Laboratory of Hydraulic and Mountain River of international symposiums has been an instrumental Engineering (Sichuan University, China), State Key Labora- forum for the “Global Strategy for Geo-disaster Reduction” tory of Frozen Soil Engineering(Coldand AridRegions which attracted more than one hundred geoscientists and Environmental and Engineering Research Institute, Chinese engineers working in the field of geo-disasters from six Academy of Sciences), Kunming University of Science and countries and 63 excellent academic presentations. The Technology (China), and National Natural Science Founda- symposium has been divided into four major sections: High tion of China. Level Forum, Keynote Lectures, Invited Lectures and Young Organizing committee: Chair Person:Fei Xu (President, Researcher Forum, offering an opportunity to discuss Southwest Jiaotong University, China). the latest developments in the field of Geo-disaster Re- Vice Chair Persons: Heming Cheng (Vice President, duction. In addition to the main sessions of the sympo- Kunming University of Science and Technology, China), sium, pre-event, side-events and post-event were also Wei Deng (Director, Institute of Mountain Hazards and organized before, during and after the symposium. Environment, Chinese Academy of Sciences), Wei Ma (Director, Cold and Arid Regions Environmental and Engineering Research Institute, Chinese Academy of Pre-event Sciences), Qiang Xu (Executive Vice Director, State Key The 2016 General Meeting of ICGdR took place at the Xin- Laboratory of Geohazard Prevention and Geoenvironment hua Hotel on 10 October 2016. Prof. Miyajima, the Fig. 1 Group photo of participants of the 14th ISGdR Yang et al. Geoenvironmental Disasters (2017) 4:1 Page 3 of 10 president of ICGdR, delivered an opening address. During Award ceremony the meeting, current membership, financial condition and Prof. Masakatsu Miyajima and Prof. Fei Xu presented annual report of each committee (Annual Symposium awards and certificates to recipients (Fig. 3). These Committee, Training Course Committee, Journal Edi- awards included the 2015 Outstanding Events, 2015 torial Committee, Project Collaboration Committee, Outstanding ICGdR Member of the Year and 2015 Out- Database Committee and Award Committee) for 2016 standing Paper. Due to the absence of Prof. Vit Vilimek, were reported by each responsible person. The work- his award ceremony is not shown in Fig. 3. The awards de- ing plan for 2017 was discussed at the end of the gen- tails are list in Table 1. eral meeting. Prof. Xuanmei Fan, from the State Key Laboratory of Geohazard Prevention and Geoenviron- High level forum ment Protection (Chengdu University of Technology, The High Level Forum was chaired by Prof. Fawu Wang. China), was elected as the director of Young Re- Five famous experts delivered their plenary lectures focus- searcher Committee of ICGdR. Shimane University ing on the theme of “Global Strategy for Geo-disaster Re- (Japan) was voted as the organizer of the 15th ISGdR, duction” (Fig. 4): “Importance of communicating natural and the symposium will be held on 26–31 August 2017. hazards to the public - an Oregon, USA example” by Prof. Scott Burns (President of IAEG), “Disaster risk reduction in one belt one road area” by Prof. Peng Cui (Academ- Plenary sessions of the symposium ician, Chinese Academy of Sciences), “Study on control Opening ceremony theory of landslide based on the evolution process” by The opening ceremony was hosted by Prof. Fawu Wang, Prof. Huiming Tang (Vice President, China University of the Director-General of ICGdR (Fig. 2). Prof. Fei Xu has Geosciences, Wuhan, China), “New technologies for declared the conference open on behalf of the organizer, landslide monitoring and rapid mapping” by Prof. Southwest Jiaotong University (SWJTU), and delivered Nicola Casagli (Deputy Director of UNESCO Chair on an opening speech to welcome all the distinguished the Prevention & Sustainable management of Geo- scholars and experts from all over the world. Prof. Fei Hydrological Hazards, University of Florence, Italy), Xu also expressed his hope that this symposium could “Lessons learned from recent damaging earthquakes in provide a platform for researches to forefront research Taiwan, Japan and Italy” by Prof. Masakatsu Miyajima into the mechanism of geological hazards and promote (Kanazawa University, President of ICGdR). the further development of disaster prevention and miti- gation technology. Prof. Masakatsu Miyajima, the presi- dent of ICGdR, and Dr. Sheng Xian, the associated Keynote lectures director of Disaster Mitigation Center of Sichuan Prov- The Keynote Lectures included 8 plenary lectures which ince, also delivered greeting speeches to welcome all the were divided into two sections. The first section was researchers and their appreciation to organizers. chaired by Prof. Masakatsu Miyajima and Prof. Qiangong Fig. 2 Prof. Fawu Wang hosted the opening ceremony of the 14th ISGdR Yang et al. Geoenvironmental Disasters (2017) 4:1 Page 4 of 10 Fig. 3 Prof. Qiangong Cheng (a) and Prof. Xuanmei Fan (b) received the certificates from Prof. Masakatsu Miyajima. Dr. Ranjan Kumar Dahal and Dr. Netra Prakash Bhandary (c) received the certificate from Prof. Fei Xu Cheng. Firstly, Prof. Fawu Wang presented their research and inventorying active rock glaciers in the Northern Tien on landslide dam to predict the failure time through in- Shan (China) by InSAR. Prof. Qiang Xu introduced their door and out-door landslide dam model tests and field study on diffuse failure landslides including a landfill investigation. The second keynote lecture from Prof. flow-slide, some loess landslides and a landslide of loose de- Guoxiang Liu concentrated on a case study for mapping posits, and attempted to assess the initiation of diffuse Table 1 Lists of awards for the 14th ISGdR Title Affiliation Contributions Representative 2015 Outstanding Events Department of Physical Geography For the contribution to the 13th International Vit Vilimek and Geoecology, Faculty of Science, Symposium on Geodisaster Reduction in Charles University in Prague Prague, Czech Republic 2015 Outstanding Events Department of Geological Engineering, For the contribution of the Working Meeting Qiangong Cheng Southwest Jiaotong University and Workshop of ICGdR in Chengdu, China 2015 Outstanding ICGdR State Key Laboratory of Geohazard For the outstanding research on landslides Xuanmei Fan Member of the Year Prevention and Geoenvironment induced by Wenchuan Earthquake Protection, Chengdu University of Technology 2015 Outstanding Paper Himalaya Conservation Group, Ehime For the paper “Disaster risk reduction Gangalal Tuladhar University, Tribhuvan University knowledge of local people in Nepal” Ryuichi Yatabe Ranjan Kumar Dahal Netra Prakash Bhandary Yang et al. Geoenvironmental Disasters (2017) 4:1 Page 5 of 10 Fig. 4 Plenary lectures presented by Prof. Scott Burns (a), Prof. Peng Cui (b), Prof. Huiming Tang (c), Prof. Nicola Casagli (d) and Prof. Masakatsu Miyajima (e) during the High Level Forum failure landslides. At the end of first section, Prof. Hengxing landfill in two dimensional and three dimensional. Lan gave a lecture on geo-hazards risk assessment for Prof. Ranjan Kumar Dahal introduced major geo- Sichuan-Tibet interconnection project of state grid based logical and geomorphological issues in central Nepal on the engineering geological conditions, regional geo- after the Gorkha Earthquake and conducted detail logical condition, geological hazards investigation, project analysis to understand liquefaction problem, landslide design, the remote sensing interpretation and numerical problem and topographic and basin effect. At the end modelling. of Keynote Lecture, Prof. Guangqi Chen proposed a The second section of Keynote Lectures was chaired by practical 3D coupled solid-fluid simulation technique Prof. Huiming Tang and Prof. Nicola Casagli. Prof. Xianz- by using DDA and SPH to analyze the formation and hang Ling’s lecture highlighted two important research failure characteristics of the landslide dam. The devel- topics on vibration response of railway traffic subgrade oped simulation technique has been successfully ap- and vibration response of road traffic subgrade with heavy plied to simulate a practical landslide dam and its load in cold regions. Furthermore, the finished fundamen- effectiveness and practicality have also been validated. tal work on above-mentioned topic was discussed and The titles of presentations of Keynote Lectures are list elaborated. Prof. Yu Huang presented research on the flow in Table 2. Figure 5 shows photos of each presenter dur- slides in MSW landfills and provided a scientific basis for ing Keynote Lectures. hazard prevention and risk evaluation in the landfill area. Two kinds of mesh free method, a smoothed particle Poster session hydrodynamics (SPH) model, and a modified moving The poster session was held at the plenary meeting hall. particle semi-implicit (MPS) model were proposed to The authors of four posters took part in the discussion predict the propagation of the flow slides in MSW and exchange views with other participants during the Yang et al. Geoenvironmental Disasters (2017) 4:1 Page 6 of 10 Table 2 Lists of Keynote Lectures No. Title Presenter Affiliation K-1 Prediction of landslide dam failure by piping Fawu Wang Shimane University K-2 Mapping and inventorying active rock glaciers in the Northern Tien Shan (China) Guoxiang Liu Southwest Jiaotong University using satellite SAR interferometry K-3 Study on mechanism of diffuse failure landslides Qiang Xu Chengdu University of Technology K-4 Geo-hazards risk assessment for Sichuan-Tibet interconnection project of state grid Hengxing Chinese Acade my of Sciences Lan K-5 Vibration analysis of traffic subgrade in cold regions Xianzhang Harbin Institute of Technology Qingdao Ling University of Technology K-6 On the flow slides in municipal solid waste landfills Yu Huang Tongji University K-7 Geology and geomorphology related damages and their consequences after the Ranjan Tribhuvan University 2015 Gorkha Earthquake in central Nepal Kumar Dahal K-8 Development of a 3D coupled solid-fluid simulation technique using DDA and SPH Guangqi Kyushu University for analysis of landslide induced chain disasters Chen Fig. 5 Plenary lectures presented by Prof. Fawu Wang (a), Prof. Guoxiang Liu (b), Prof. Qiang Xu (c), Prof. Hengxing Lan (d), Prof. Xianzhang Ling (e), Prof. Yu Huang (f), Prof. Ranjan Kumar Dahal (g) and Prof. Guangqi Chen (h) during the Keynote Lectures Yang et al. Geoenvironmental Disasters (2017) 4:1 Page 7 of 10 Table 3 Lists of Poster Session No. Title Presenter Affiliation P-1 Experimental studies on quality evaluation of a liquefaction-countermeasure Hiroshi Nakazawa National Research Institute for Earth Science construction method by desaturation with two types of air bubble and Disaster Resilience, Japan P-2 Damage survey on gabion structures in the 2015 Nepal Gorkha earthquake Kentaro Kuribayashi Eight-Japan Engineering Consultants Inc. P-3 Thermal regimes of permafrost along the Qinghai-Tibet Railway under Xiaoyun Su China Earthquake Administration climate warming P-4 Development of global disaster prevention and mitigation think tanks Wanjing Ji China Earthquake Administration and suggestions for Chinese new disaster mitigation think tanks construction tea and lunch break time on 11 October. The details caused by earthquake, social resilience to disasters and of poster session are listed in Table 3. new technologies for geo-disaster reduction. The details of presentations are listed in Tables 4 and 5. Parallel sessions The Parallel Sessions included Invited Lectures and Side-events Young Researcher Forum. Totally, there were 50 presenta- Chengdu is a historical city and famous for the giant tions. The topics are related to landslides, geo-disasters pandas in the world. During the symposium, two side- Table 4 Lists of lectures presented in Invited Lectures No. Title Presenter Affiliation I-1 Soil moisture migration and slope failure in the loess region Tonglu Li Chang’an University I-2 Cascade densely distributed large landslide dams on the mainstream of upper Fuchu Dai Beijing University of Technology Jinsha River I-3 Residual-state shear creep in clayey soils and its modeling for large-scale Netra Prakash Bhandary Ehime University landslide failure prediction I-4 Study on countermeasure against liquefaction by piling logs with drainage function Masaho Yoshida National Institute of Technology I-5 Initiation mechanism and seismic precursor of fluidized landslide in loose soil Wei Hu Chengdu University of Technology I-6 The new progress of landslide mapping and risk assessment of CGS Jusong Shi China Geological Survey I-7 Effects of lattice-shaped wall and drains against liquefaction of grounds Fei Cai Gunma University evaluated by three dimensional dynamic effective stress analysis I-8 Behavior of dip bedded rock slope under shaking table test Shengwen Qi Chinese Academy of Sciences I-9 Numerical simulation and limit analysis of slopes under complex circumstance Tingkai Nian Dalian University of Technology I-10 Seismic performance of masonry wall based on shaking table test and large Toshikazu Ikemoto Kanazawa University deformation analysis I-11 Physical model and simulation of dynamic evolution of mountain hazard Siming He Chinese Academy of Science I-12 Development of thermokarst related-hazards in permafrost regions of the Fujun Niu Chinese Academy of Science Qinghai-Tibet Plateau I-13 Dynamic analysis of several rock avalanches in Southwestern China Aiguo Xing Shanghai Jiao Tong University I-14 Landslides caused by climate change and groundwater movement in Wei Shan Northeast Forestry University permafrost mountain I-15 Effects of seismic loading on the run-out of rockfall Yingbin Zhang Southwest Jiaotong University I-16 Late Quaternary slipping rates and paleo-earthquakes of Xiadian Fault in Jun Shen Institute of Disaster Prevention Beijing Plain area I-17 Developing a high-performance hydro-geohazards modelling tool to support Qiuhua Liang Newcastle University catchment systems management I-18 Hazard study on impulsive wave-induced by landslides in Three Gorges Reservoir Bolin Huang China Geological Survey I-19 Mechanisms of particle segregation in granular debris flows and their effect Gongdan Zhou Chinese Academy of Sciences on the flowing mobility I-20 Reinforcement effect analysis of stabilizing piles with isosceles trapezoid Changdong Li China University of Geosciences cross-section on the landslides (Wuhan) Yang et al. Geoenvironmental Disasters (2017) 4:1 Page 8 of 10 Table 5 Lists of lectures presented in Young Researcher Forum No. Title Presenter Affiliation Y-1 Soil mass failure due to water infiltration and sub-erosion: a case study of the soil Yan Xu Jilin University slope failure at the national geological park of Qian-an mud forest, China Y-2 Landslides in loess plateaus: distribution, characteristics and formations Jianqi Zhuang Chang’an University Y-3 Initiation mechanism of heavy rainfall-induced shallow landslides on steep slopes Hufeng Yang Southwest Jiaotong University with impermeable bedrock Y-4 Liquefaction caused by the 2016 Kumamoto Earthquakes in Japan Hendra Setiawan Kanazawa University Y-5 Particle breakage and the critical state of sand Fangwei Yu Chinese Academy of Sciences Y-6 Weathering zonation characteristics of paleo-weathering crust of red bed Yutian Ke Lanzhou University mudstone in Heifangtai Area Y-7 Geotechnical investigation and numerical analysis of rockfall in south coast of Fikri Faris Universitas Gadjah Mada Gunung Kidul Regency, Yogyakarta Province, Indonesia Y-8 The disaster chain effect of the geological hazards associated with the Wenchuan Xuanmei Fan Chengdu University of earthquake Technology Y-9 Random trials method used in determining the critical yield acceleration coefficient Yi He Southwest Jiaotong University for three-dimensional slopes with reinforcement Y-10 Damage to water supply system by geo-disasters in the 2016 Kumamoto Earthquake Mitsuru Kanazawa University in Japan Nakamura Y-11 Testing rock fragmentation on various slopes via 3D DEM modeling Tao Zhao Sichuan University Y-12 Damage to houses and buildings induced by liquefaction in the 2016 Kumamoto Yuko Serikawa Kanazawa University Earthquakes In Japan Y-13 Numerical simulation of direct shearing test for unsaturated soil at microscopic scale Longxiao Guo Chang’an University Y-14 A new method for estimating Vs30 of a site based on the fundamental period Wenhao Qi Institute of Engineering Mechanics, CEA Y-15 The effect of undisturbed Q loess’s microstructure on its SWCC Xiaokun Hou Chang’an University Y-16 Estimation of strong motion using H/V spectral ratio of microtremor observation Akira Murata Kanazawa University during resent earthquake in Japan Y-17 Influences of material constituent in the mobility of rock-ice avalanches Qingqing Yang Southwest Jiaotong University Y-18 Moisture migration in the unsaturated loess under the natural environment Yu Xi Chang’an University Y-19 Experimental study on the mechanical behaviors of large rock avalanche basal facie Yufeng Wang Southwest Jiaotong University Y-20 Research on the constitutive model of unsaturated loess Xinting Zhang Chang’an University Y-21 Model test on impact behaviour of submarine landslides on undersea cables Zili Dai Shimane University Y-22 The mechanism of irrigation-induced loess landslide Xianli Xing Taiyuan University of Technology Y-23 Simulation of debris flows around bridge piers Wei Liu Chinese Academy of Sciences Y-24 Simulation of mock-up tests on GMZ bentonite with double structure models Langjing Shi Tongji University Y-25 Numerical simulation for the dynamic process of rainfall-induced debris flow in the Jiawen Zhou Sichuan University small mountainous watershed Y-26 Search for sliding surface of slope based on DSRM Guoqing Chen Chengdu University of Technology Y-27 Resolving frictional contact problems in three–dimensional discontinuous Lu Zheng Sichuan University deformation analysis and its application in landslide simulation Y-28 Deformation of landslide triggered by water level fluctuation: a case study Kun Song China Three Gorges University on Shuping landslide in the Three Gorges Reservoir, China Y-29 A unified mathematical framework for modelling gravity-driven water Xilin Xia Newcastle University and mass flows Y-30 Motive modes of the landslides on the Chinese Loess Plateau Wei Shen Chang’an University Yang et al. Geoenvironmental Disasters (2017) 4:1 Page 9 of 10 Fig. 6 Prof. Wei Hu introduced the situation of Old Beichuan County before and after earthquake events, Giant Panda Base Visiting and Sichuan Art Per- (Chengdu University of Technology, China), 19 partici- formance, were organized for participants, especially for pants joined the field trip to Old Beichuan County after foreigners. It was a good opportunity for them to take a 2008.5.12 Wenchuan Earthquake. During the field trip, close contact with Chinese culture. Prof. Wei Hu introduced the situation of Old Beichuan County before and after 2008.5.12 Wenchuan Earthquake (Fig. 6). At the location of earthquake fault, an in-situ Closing session discussion was conducted to have more knowledge Prof. Fawu Wang, on behalf of ICGdR, gave a closing about earthquake based on landform and vegetation speech and appreciation to the organizer and co-organizers. (Fig. 7). At the end, Prof. Masakatsu Miyajima and Prof. Scott Burns presented awards of “Outstanding Young Researcher Forum” to the recipients from the Young Researcher Forum. Invitation The 15th ISGdR will be held on 26–31 August 2017 in Post-event Matsue City, Shimane Prefecture, Japan. The ICGdR will With the contribution of State Key Laboratory of Geo- invite all entities and individuals which are willing to hazard Prevention and Geoenvironment Protection contribute to the geo-disaster reduction to join ICGdR. Fig. 7 Group photo at the location of earthquake fault Yang et al. Geoenvironmental Disasters (2017) 4:1 Page 10 of 10 Acknowledgements The organization of the 14th ISGdR was strongly supported by all joint organizers and cosponsors in many aspects. Thanks for financial support go to the State-province Joint Engineering Laboratory of Spatial Information Technology for High Speed Railway Safety (Southwest Jiaotong University, China), Key Laboratory of Mountain Hazards and Earth Surface Processes (Institute of Mountain Hazards and Environment, Chinese Academy of Sciences), and State Key Laboratory of Frozen Soil Engineering (Cold and Arid Regions Environmental and Engineering Research Institute, Chinese Academy of Sciences). Also, we extend our sincere thanks to State Key Laboratory of Geohazard Prevention and Geoenvironment Protection (Chengdu University of Technology, China) for their contribution to the field trip to Old Beichuan County after the 2008.5.12 Wenchuan Earthquake. Author details Department of Geological Engineering, Southwest Jiaotong University, Chengdu, Sichuan 610031, China. Department of Geoscience, Shimane University, Matsue, Shimane 690-8504, Japan. Received: 6 December 2016 Accepted: 6 December 2016 Reference Wang, F. 2014. Reducing geo-disasters for improving the relationships between geoenvironment and society. Geoenvironmental Disasters 1(1): 1–3. Submit your manuscript to a journal and beneﬁ t from: 7 Convenient online submission 7 Rigorous peer review 7 Immediate publication on acceptance 7 Open access: articles freely available online 7 High visibility within the ﬁ eld 7 Retaining the copyright to your article Submit your next manuscript at 7 springeropen.com
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Published: Jan 4, 2017
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