Regulatory changes in the activity of the plasma membrane H+-ATPase in salt-stressed roots were investigated using seven-day-old seedlings of two cultivars of barley (Hordeum disticum L.) with different salt tolerances: Moskovskii-121 (salt-tolerant) and Elf (salt-sensitive). During the first hour of salt stress, the rate of proton extrusion from the excised roots increased in parallel with the ATP hydrolase activity and the amount of 14-3-3 proteins bound to H+-ATPase in isolated plasma membranes. Subsequently, all these parameters decreased and dropped after 3–6 h below the initial levels. The initial stimulation of proton extrusion from the detached barley roots was caused by osmotic stress, whereas the subsequent retardation of proton extrusion was probably caused by a toxic effect of excessive Na+ content in the cytoplasm. The salt-stress responses showed similar trends in both cultivars, with the exception that Moskovskii-121 responded faster than cv. Elf. The results indicate that 14-3-3 proteins regulate the H+-ATPase activity in the plasma membranes of barley root cells during salt stress; furthermore, the response time might be a useful indicator to discriminate cultivars with different salt tolerances.
Russian Journal of Plant Physiology – Springer Journals
Published: Oct 13, 2004
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