Production of xylanase by an alkaline-tolerant marine-derived Streptomyces viridochromogenes strain and improvement by ribosome engineering

Production of xylanase by an alkaline-tolerant marine-derived Streptomyces viridochromogenes... Xylanase is the enzyme complex that is responsible for the degradation of xylan; however, novel xylanase producers remain to be explored in marine environment. In this study, a Streptomyces strain M11 which exhibited xylanase activity was isolated from marine sediment. The 16S rDNA sequence of M11 showed the highest identity (99 %) to that of Streptomyces viridochromogenes. The xylanase produced from M11 exhibited optimum activity at pH 6.0, and the optimum temperature was 70 °C. M11 xylanase activity was stable in the pH range of 6.0–9.0 and at 60 °C for 60 min. Xylanase activity was observed to be stable in the presence of up to 5 M NaCl. Antibiotic-resistant mutants of M11 were isolated, and among the various antibiotics tested, streptomycin showed the best effect on obtaining xylanase overproducer. Mutant M11-1(10) isolated from 10 μg/ml streptomycin-containing plate showed 14 % higher xylanase activities than that of the wild-type strain. An analysis of gene rpsL (encoding ribosomal protein S12) showed that rpsL from M11-1(10) contains a K88R mutation. This is the first report to show that marine-derived S. viridochromogenes strain can be used as a xylanase producer, and utilization of ribosome engineering for the improvement of xylanase production in Streptomyces was also first successfully demonstrated. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology Springer Journals

Production of xylanase by an alkaline-tolerant marine-derived Streptomyces viridochromogenes strain and improvement by ribosome engineering

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Publisher
Springer Journals
Copyright
Copyright © 2012 by Springer-Verlag
Subject
Chemistry; Biotechnology; Microbiology; Microbial Genetics and Genomics
ISSN
0175-7598
eISSN
1432-0614
DOI
10.1007/s00253-012-4290-y
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Xylanase is the enzyme complex that is responsible for the degradation of xylan; however, novel xylanase producers remain to be explored in marine environment. In this study, a Streptomyces strain M11 which exhibited xylanase activity was isolated from marine sediment. The 16S rDNA sequence of M11 showed the highest identity (99 %) to that of Streptomyces viridochromogenes. The xylanase produced from M11 exhibited optimum activity at pH 6.0, and the optimum temperature was 70 °C. M11 xylanase activity was stable in the pH range of 6.0–9.0 and at 60 °C for 60 min. Xylanase activity was observed to be stable in the presence of up to 5 M NaCl. Antibiotic-resistant mutants of M11 were isolated, and among the various antibiotics tested, streptomycin showed the best effect on obtaining xylanase overproducer. Mutant M11-1(10) isolated from 10 μg/ml streptomycin-containing plate showed 14 % higher xylanase activities than that of the wild-type strain. An analysis of gene rpsL (encoding ribosomal protein S12) showed that rpsL from M11-1(10) contains a K88R mutation. This is the first report to show that marine-derived S. viridochromogenes strain can be used as a xylanase producer, and utilization of ribosome engineering for the improvement of xylanase production in Streptomyces was also first successfully demonstrated.

Journal

Applied Microbiology and BiotechnologySpringer Journals

Published: Jul 21, 2012

References

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