Production of individual ganoderic acids and expression of biosynthetic genes in liquid static and shaking cultures of Ganoderma lucidum

Production of individual ganoderic acids and expression of biosynthetic genes in liquid static... Two-stage culture was efficient in enhancing total ganoderic acid (GA) production by Ganoderma lucidum (Fang and Zhong, Biotechnol Prog 18:51–54, 2002). As different GAs have different bioactivities, it is critical to understand the kinetics of individual GA production during fermentation, but no related information is yet available. To understand the regulation of GA biosynthesis, investigation of the accumulation of intermediate (lanosterol) and by-product (ergosterol) and of the expression of three important biosynthetic genes was also conducted in liquid shaking and static cultures of G. lucidum. The results showed that the content of individual GAs increased rapidly in the liquid static culture, and their maximum value was 6- to 25-fold that of shaking culture while lanosterol content in the former was lower than the latter. The transcript of squalene synthase (SQS), lanosterol synthase and 3-hydroxy-3-methylglutaryl coenzyme A reductase in liquid static culture was 4.3-, 2.1-, and 1.9-fold that of the shaking culture, respectively. Higher GA content in liquid static culture was related to increased transcription of those genes especially SQS. The work is helpful to the production of individual GAs and provided an insight into why the liquid static culture was superior to the shaking culture in view of biosynthetic gene expression. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology Springer Journals

Production of individual ganoderic acids and expression of biosynthetic genes in liquid static and shaking cultures of Ganoderma lucidum

Loading next page...
 
/lp/springer-journals/production-of-individual-ganoderic-acids-and-expression-of-GUFkIFoevk
Publisher
Springer-Verlag
Copyright
Copyright © 2009 by Springer-Verlag
Subject
Chemistry; Microbial Genetics and Genomics; Microbiology ; Biotechnology
ISSN
0175-7598
eISSN
1432-0614
D.O.I.
10.1007/s00253-009-2106-5
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Two-stage culture was efficient in enhancing total ganoderic acid (GA) production by Ganoderma lucidum (Fang and Zhong, Biotechnol Prog 18:51–54, 2002). As different GAs have different bioactivities, it is critical to understand the kinetics of individual GA production during fermentation, but no related information is yet available. To understand the regulation of GA biosynthesis, investigation of the accumulation of intermediate (lanosterol) and by-product (ergosterol) and of the expression of three important biosynthetic genes was also conducted in liquid shaking and static cultures of G. lucidum. The results showed that the content of individual GAs increased rapidly in the liquid static culture, and their maximum value was 6- to 25-fold that of shaking culture while lanosterol content in the former was lower than the latter. The transcript of squalene synthase (SQS), lanosterol synthase and 3-hydroxy-3-methylglutaryl coenzyme A reductase in liquid static culture was 4.3-, 2.1-, and 1.9-fold that of the shaking culture, respectively. Higher GA content in liquid static culture was related to increased transcription of those genes especially SQS. The work is helpful to the production of individual GAs and provided an insight into why the liquid static culture was superior to the shaking culture in view of biosynthetic gene expression.

Journal

Applied Microbiology and BiotechnologySpringer Journals

Published: Jul 4, 2009

References

You’re reading a free preview. Subscribe to read the entire article.


DeepDyve is your
personal research library

It’s your single place to instantly
discover and read the research
that matters to you.

Enjoy affordable access to
over 12 million articles from more than
10,000 peer-reviewed journals.

All for just $49/month

Explore the DeepDyve Library

Unlimited reading

Read as many articles as you need. Full articles with original layout, charts and figures. Read online, from anywhere.

Stay up to date

Keep up with your field with Personalized Recommendations and Follow Journals to get automatic updates.

Organize your research

It’s easy to organize your research with our built-in tools.

Your journals are on DeepDyve

Read from thousands of the leading scholarly journals from SpringerNature, Elsevier, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford University Press and more.

All the latest content is available, no embargo periods.

See the journals in your area

Monthly Plan

  • Read unlimited articles
  • Personalized recommendations
  • No expiration
  • Print 20 pages per month
  • 20% off on PDF purchases
  • Organize your research
  • Get updates on your journals and topic searches

$49/month

Start Free Trial

14-day Free Trial

Best Deal — 39% off

Annual Plan

  • All the features of the Professional Plan, but for 39% off!
  • Billed annually
  • No expiration
  • For the normal price of 10 articles elsewhere, you get one full year of unlimited access to articles.

$588

$360/year

billed annually
Start Free Trial

14-day Free Trial