Cathodic protection is an effective method to control the corrosion of underground pipelines and submerged structures. In the present work, high phosphorus containing pig iron was utilized as sacrificial anode for cathodic protection of underground mild steel plates and the results were compared with that of a commercially pure magnesium sacrificial anode. Driving potential and current between the galvanically coupled sacrificial anodes and mild steel plates were continuously monitored in real time for one month. Microstructure and morphology of the corrosion products formed on the surface of pig iron, magnesium sacrificial anodes and mild steel plates were observed with the help of optical microscope and scanning electron microscopy, and phase identification were performed using x-ray diffraction, Raman spectroscopy and Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy. The distribution of phosphorus in the pig iron matrix and soluble rust formation on the surface of pig iron under buried condition were critical from the point of sacrificial effect, indicating the possible scientific reasons for high phosphorous pig iron to be used as sacrificial anode.
Journal of Materials Engineering and Performance – Springer Journals
Published: May 30, 2018
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