The results of integrated study of the genetic structure and prevalence of monogenic hereditary diseases (MHDs) in the child population of three republics of Russia are summarized. Eight raions (districts) of the Republic of Bashkortostan and six districts of each Republic of Chuvashia and Republic of Udmurtia has been surveyed. The total population surveyed was 782184 people, with children accounting for 24.67% of them (192 992 children). The loads of autosomal dominant (AD), autosomal recessive (AR), and X-linked MHDs have been calculated separately for urban and rural populations; differences between individual populations in the MHD load have been found. The differentiation of subpopulations with respect to MHD prevalence is explained by differences in the degree of subdivision. The MHD spectrum in the child population of the three republics comprises 222 disease entities, including 121 AD, 83 AR, and 18 X-linked diseases. Group of highly prevalent MHDs in regional child populations have been determined. The mean fitness of MHD patients in Bashkortostan has been calculated; it is 0.87, 0.04 and 0.16 for AD, AR, and X-linked diseases, respectively. Analysis has demonstrated that the prevalence rates of MHDs in the child populations of the republics of Chuvashia, Udmurtia, and Bashkortostan are 1, 1.2, and 1.4%, respectively.
Russian Journal of Genetics – Springer Journals
Published: May 15, 2012
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