Ploidy doubling by in vitro culture of excised protocorms or protocorm-like bodies in Phalaenopsis species

Ploidy doubling by in vitro culture of excised protocorms or protocorm-like bodies in... Endopolyploidy was observed in the protocorms of diploid Phalaenopsis aphrodite subsp. formosana with ploidy doubling achieved by in vitro regeneration of excised protocorms, or protocorm-like bodies (PLBs). Thirty-four per cent of the PLBs regenerated from the first cycle of sectioned protocorms were found to be polyploids with ploidy doubled once or twice as determined by flow-cytometry. The frequency of ploidy doubling increased as the sectioning cycles increased and was highest in diploid followed by the triploid and tetraploid. Regeneration of the endopolyploid cells in the tissue of the protocorms or PLBs is proposed as the source of the development of ploidy doubled plantlets. The frequency of ploidy doubling was similar in seven other Phalaenopsis species, although the rate of increase within cycles was genotype specific. In two species, a comparison of five parameters between 5-month-old diploid and tetraploid potted plants showed only the stomata density differed significantly. The flowers of the tetraploid plant were larger and heavier than those of the diploids. This ploidy doubling method is a simple and effective means to produce large number of polyploid Phalaenopsis species plants as well as their hybrids. The method will be beneficial to orchid breeding programs especially for the interspecific hybridization between varieties having different chromosome sizes and ploidy levels. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Plant Cell, Tissue and Organ Culture Springer Journals

Ploidy doubling by in vitro culture of excised protocorms or protocorm-like bodies in Phalaenopsis species

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Publisher
Springer Journals
Copyright
Copyright © 2009 by Springer Science+Business Media B.V.
Subject
Life Sciences; Plant Pathology; Plant Genetics & Genomics; Plant Physiology; Plant Sciences
ISSN
0167-6857
eISSN
1573-5044
D.O.I.
10.1007/s11240-009-9557-3
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Endopolyploidy was observed in the protocorms of diploid Phalaenopsis aphrodite subsp. formosana with ploidy doubling achieved by in vitro regeneration of excised protocorms, or protocorm-like bodies (PLBs). Thirty-four per cent of the PLBs regenerated from the first cycle of sectioned protocorms were found to be polyploids with ploidy doubled once or twice as determined by flow-cytometry. The frequency of ploidy doubling increased as the sectioning cycles increased and was highest in diploid followed by the triploid and tetraploid. Regeneration of the endopolyploid cells in the tissue of the protocorms or PLBs is proposed as the source of the development of ploidy doubled plantlets. The frequency of ploidy doubling was similar in seven other Phalaenopsis species, although the rate of increase within cycles was genotype specific. In two species, a comparison of five parameters between 5-month-old diploid and tetraploid potted plants showed only the stomata density differed significantly. The flowers of the tetraploid plant were larger and heavier than those of the diploids. This ploidy doubling method is a simple and effective means to produce large number of polyploid Phalaenopsis species plants as well as their hybrids. The method will be beneficial to orchid breeding programs especially for the interspecific hybridization between varieties having different chromosome sizes and ploidy levels.

Journal

Plant Cell, Tissue and Organ CultureSpringer Journals

Published: Jun 16, 2009

References

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