Plane jets impinging on porous walls

Plane jets impinging on porous walls The flow of a two-dimensional plane turbulent jet impinging on a porous screen has been studied experimentally. It is shown how the overall flow structure depends on the porosity of the surface. For low screen porosity (β < 0.41, say), transverse wall jets can be formed on both sides of the screen and in extreme cases the axial momentum flux some way downstream of the screen falls to zero, so that the screen has the same drag as would a solid wall. For high screen porosity (β > 0.57, say) the axial volume flux is largely preserved through the screen, but the dominant eddy structures present in the upstream jet are largely destroyed, so that entrainment rates downstream of the screen can be very low. The relatively small, intermediate range of porosities (0.41 < β < 0.57, where β is the screen open area ratio) is associated with dramatic changes in flow pattern and recirculating regions can exist on the upstream side of the screen. These flows, although all geometrically very simple, provide a serious challenge for computational modelling. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Experiments in Fluids Springer Journals

Plane jets impinging on porous walls

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Publisher
Springer-Verlag
Copyright
Copyright © 2002 by Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg
Subject
Engineering; Engineering Fluid Dynamics; Fluid- and Aerodynamics; Engineering Thermodynamics, Heat and Mass Transfer
ISSN
0723-4864
eISSN
1432-1114
D.O.I.
10.1007/s003480200002
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

The flow of a two-dimensional plane turbulent jet impinging on a porous screen has been studied experimentally. It is shown how the overall flow structure depends on the porosity of the surface. For low screen porosity (β < 0.41, say), transverse wall jets can be formed on both sides of the screen and in extreme cases the axial momentum flux some way downstream of the screen falls to zero, so that the screen has the same drag as would a solid wall. For high screen porosity (β > 0.57, say) the axial volume flux is largely preserved through the screen, but the dominant eddy structures present in the upstream jet are largely destroyed, so that entrainment rates downstream of the screen can be very low. The relatively small, intermediate range of porosities (0.41 < β < 0.57, where β is the screen open area ratio) is associated with dramatic changes in flow pattern and recirculating regions can exist on the upstream side of the screen. These flows, although all geometrically very simple, provide a serious challenge for computational modelling.

Journal

Experiments in FluidsSpringer Journals

Published: Jan 1, 2002

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