Pediatric and Developmental Pathology 6, 201–203, 2003 © 2003 Society for Pediatric Pathology LETTERS TO THE EDITOR Placenta Membranacea: A Developmental Anomaly with Diverse Clinical Presentation DOI: 10.1007/s10024-002-0007-z Published online January 21, 2003. Placenta membranacea (PM) is a rare placental anomaly condition is underreported because of unfamiliarity of in which all (diffuse placenta membranacea) or part pathologists and ultrasonographers with this condition. (partial placenta membranacea) is covered by chorionic Placenta membranacea usually presents with vaginal villi. It usually presents with vaginal bleeding caused by bleeding in the second or third trimester, or during la- an associated placenta previa or placenta accreta, some- bor. Case 3 represents the earliest report of vaginal times leading to the loss of pregnancy [1–3]. We report bleeding, in the ﬁrst trimester. Bleeding usually occurs three cases of PM with different clinical presentations. because of an associated placenta previa. An associated Case 1 was a 35-year-old primigravida who presented placenta accreta, leading to intrapartum retention of the with intrauterine fetal demise following amniocentesis. placenta will cause postpartum hemorrhage . It has She had no fever, bleeding, or abdominal pain. Labor been suggested, although not proved by others, that PM was induced and she delivered a
Pediatric and Developmental Pathology – Springer Journals
Published: Mar 21, 2003
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