To analyze the role of phosphoenolpyruvate carboxylase (PEPCase, EC 126.96.36.199) during seed development, two cDNA clones encoding two isoforms of PEPCase were isolated from a seed-specific library of Vicia faba. The two sequences (VfPEPCase1 and VfPEPCase2) have a sequence identity of 82 and 89% on the nucleotide and amino acid levels. The VfPEPCase1 mRNA was found to be predominantly expressed in roots and developing cotyledons whereas the VfPEPCase2 mRNA was more abundant in green and maternal tissues. In the cotyledons, PEPCase mRNAs accumulated from early to mid cotyledon stage and decreased thereafter. The PEPCase activity increased continuously during cotyledon development. The enzyme was strongly activated by glucose-6-phosphate, but not by glucose, fructose or sucrose. Asparagine was weakly activating whereas malate, aspartate and glutamate were inhibitory. The inhibitors became less effective with increasing pH. Aspartate was a much stronger inhibitor of cotyledonary PEPCase than glutamate at both pH 7.0 and 7.5. The sensitivity of PEPCase to malate inhibition decreased from early to mid cotyledon stage at a time when storage proteins are synthesized. This indicates activation on the protein level, possibly by protein phosphorylation. Nitrogen starvation in the presence of hexoses but not sucrose decreased mRNA levels of VfPEPCase1 and enzyme activity, indicating control on the mRNA level by both carbon and nitrogen. It is concluded that in developing cotyledons PEPCase is probably important for the synthesis of organic acids to provide carbon skeletons for amino acid synthesis.
Planta – Springer Journals
Published: Mar 19, 1999
It’s your single place to instantly
discover and read the research
that matters to you.
Enjoy affordable access to
over 18 million articles from more than
15,000 peer-reviewed journals.
All for just $49/month
Query the DeepDyve database, plus search all of PubMed and Google Scholar seamlessly
Save any article or search result from DeepDyve, PubMed, and Google Scholar... all in one place.
Get unlimited, online access to over 18 million full-text articles from more than 15,000 scientific journals.
Read from thousands of the leading scholarly journals from SpringerNature, Elsevier, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford University Press and more.
All the latest content is available, no embargo periods.
“Hi guys, I cannot tell you how much I love this resource. Incredible. I really believe you've hit the nail on the head with this site in regards to solving the research-purchase issue.”Daniel C.
“Whoa! It’s like Spotify but for academic articles.”@Phil_Robichaud
“I must say, @deepdyve is a fabulous solution to the independent researcher's problem of #access to #information.”@deepthiw
“My last article couldn't be possible without the platform @deepdyve that makes journal papers cheaper.”@JoseServera