Pharmacokinetics of dacarbazine (DTIC) in pregnancy

Pharmacokinetics of dacarbazine (DTIC) in pregnancy Purpose The purpose of this report is to describe, for the first time, the pharmacokinetics of dacarbazine (DTIC) and its metabolites [5-[3-methyl-triazen-1-yl]-imidazole-4-carboxamide (MTIC), 5-[3-hydroxymethyl-3-methyl-triazen-1-yl]-imi- dazole-4-carboxamide (HMMTIC) and 5-aminoimidazole-4-carboxamide (AIC)] during pregnancy (n = 2) and postpartum (n = 1). Methods Non-compartmental DTIC, MTIC, HMMTIC, and AIC pharmacokinetics (PK) were estimated in one case at 29 week gestation and 18 day postpartum and a second case at 32 week gestation, in women receiving DTIC in combination with doxorubicin, bleomycin, and vinblastine for treatment of Hodgkin’s lymphoma. Drug concentrations were measured by HPLC. Results In the subject who completed both pregnancy and postpartum study days, DTIC area under the concentration–time curve (AUC) was 27% higher and metabolite AUCs were lower by 27% for HMMTIC, 38% for MTIC, and 83% of AIC during pregnancy compared to postpartum. At 7 and 9 year follow-up, both subjects were in remission of their Hodgkin’s lymphoma. Conclusions Based on these two case reports, pregnancy appears to decrease the metabolism of the pro-drug dacarbazine, likely through inhibition of CYP1A2 activity. Lower concentrations of active metabolites and decreased efficacy may result, although both these subjects experienced long-term remission of their Hodgkin’s lymphoma. Keywords Dacarbazine · Metabolites · Pharmacokinetics · Pregnancy Introduction Dacarbazine (DTIC) has been http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Cancer Chemotherapy and Pharmacology Springer Journals
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Publisher
Springer Berlin Heidelberg
Copyright
Copyright © 2018 by Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature
Subject
Medicine & Public Health; Oncology; Pharmacology/Toxicology; Cancer Research
ISSN
0344-5704
eISSN
1432-0843
D.O.I.
10.1007/s00280-017-3511-6
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Purpose The purpose of this report is to describe, for the first time, the pharmacokinetics of dacarbazine (DTIC) and its metabolites [5-[3-methyl-triazen-1-yl]-imidazole-4-carboxamide (MTIC), 5-[3-hydroxymethyl-3-methyl-triazen-1-yl]-imi- dazole-4-carboxamide (HMMTIC) and 5-aminoimidazole-4-carboxamide (AIC)] during pregnancy (n = 2) and postpartum (n = 1). Methods Non-compartmental DTIC, MTIC, HMMTIC, and AIC pharmacokinetics (PK) were estimated in one case at 29 week gestation and 18 day postpartum and a second case at 32 week gestation, in women receiving DTIC in combination with doxorubicin, bleomycin, and vinblastine for treatment of Hodgkin’s lymphoma. Drug concentrations were measured by HPLC. Results In the subject who completed both pregnancy and postpartum study days, DTIC area under the concentration–time curve (AUC) was 27% higher and metabolite AUCs were lower by 27% for HMMTIC, 38% for MTIC, and 83% of AIC during pregnancy compared to postpartum. At 7 and 9 year follow-up, both subjects were in remission of their Hodgkin’s lymphoma. Conclusions Based on these two case reports, pregnancy appears to decrease the metabolism of the pro-drug dacarbazine, likely through inhibition of CYP1A2 activity. Lower concentrations of active metabolites and decreased efficacy may result, although both these subjects experienced long-term remission of their Hodgkin’s lymphoma. Keywords Dacarbazine · Metabolites · Pharmacokinetics · Pregnancy Introduction Dacarbazine (DTIC) has been

Journal

Cancer Chemotherapy and PharmacologySpringer Journals

Published: Jan 5, 2018

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