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Percutaneous radiofrequency ablation of small hepatocellular carcinoma: long-term results

Percutaneous radiofrequency ablation of small hepatocellular carcinoma: long-term results The aim of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness and the safety of percutaneous radiofrequency (RF) thermal ablation of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) in 88 patients with a long follow-up, and to compare conventional electrodes and expandable electrodes. Eighty-eight patients with 101 hepatocellular carcinoma nodules (≤ 3.5 cm in diameter) underwent RF thermal ablation by means of either conventional electrodes or an expandable electrode. Therapeutic efficacy was evaluated with dynamic contrast CT, serum α-feto protein level, US examination at the end of the treatment, and during follow-up. Complete necrosis was obtained in all tumor nodules in a mean number of 3.3 sessions (tumor treated by conventional electrodes) or 1.5 sessions (tumor treated by expandable electrode). The mean follow-up was 34 months; overall survival rate was 33 % at 5 years. Disease-free survival at 5 years was 3 %; local recurrence rate was 29 % in patients treated with conventional electrodes; 14 % in patients treated with the expandable electrode. Two major complications and 14 minor complications were observed. Radiofrequency thermal ablation in small HCC is very effective with a low percentage of major complications. The use of an expandable electrode substantially reduced the number of treatment sessions but did not modify the overall survival rate and the disease-free survival rate. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png European Radiology Springer Journals

Percutaneous radiofrequency ablation of small hepatocellular carcinoma: long-term results

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Publisher
Springer Journals
Copyright
Copyright © 2001 by Springer-Verlag
Subject
Medicine & Public Health; Imaging / Radiology; Diagnostic Radiology; Interventional Radiology; Neuroradiology; Ultrasound; Internal Medicine
ISSN
0938-7994
eISSN
1432-1084
DOI
10.1007/s003300000659
pmid
11419162
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

The aim of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness and the safety of percutaneous radiofrequency (RF) thermal ablation of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) in 88 patients with a long follow-up, and to compare conventional electrodes and expandable electrodes. Eighty-eight patients with 101 hepatocellular carcinoma nodules (≤ 3.5 cm in diameter) underwent RF thermal ablation by means of either conventional electrodes or an expandable electrode. Therapeutic efficacy was evaluated with dynamic contrast CT, serum α-feto protein level, US examination at the end of the treatment, and during follow-up. Complete necrosis was obtained in all tumor nodules in a mean number of 3.3 sessions (tumor treated by conventional electrodes) or 1.5 sessions (tumor treated by expandable electrode). The mean follow-up was 34 months; overall survival rate was 33 % at 5 years. Disease-free survival at 5 years was 3 %; local recurrence rate was 29 % in patients treated with conventional electrodes; 14 % in patients treated with the expandable electrode. Two major complications and 14 minor complications were observed. Radiofrequency thermal ablation in small HCC is very effective with a low percentage of major complications. The use of an expandable electrode substantially reduced the number of treatment sessions but did not modify the overall survival rate and the disease-free survival rate.

Journal

European RadiologySpringer Journals

Published: Feb 11, 2014

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