Pathways of lignocellulosic biomass conversion to renewable fuels

Pathways of lignocellulosic biomass conversion to renewable fuels The increased worldwide demand for energy, particularly from petroleum-derived fuels has led to the search for a long-term solution of a reliable source of clean energy. Lignocellulosic biomasses appear to hold the key for a continuous supply of renewable fuels without compromising with the increasing energy needs. However, the major possible solutions to the current energy crisis include ethanol, bio-oils and synthesis gas (syngas) produced from lignocellulosic biomass. Recently, a great deal of research has been made in the fields of biomass conversion through biochemical, hydrothermal or thermochemical pathways to biofuels. However, a broad-spectrum assessment of the above pathways is rare in literature in terms of technology used, biofuel yields, potential challenges and possible outcomes. This review paper discusses different routes for biofuel production, particularly ethanol, bio-oil and syngas with the bio-oil upgrading techniques. This review highlights ethanol fermentation and available biomass pretreatment as the biochemical mode, not limiting to the pros and cons of the pretreatments. Supercritical water gasification (hydrothermal pathway) of biomass for syngas production followed by gas-to-liquid technologies (syngas fermentation and Fischer–Tropsch catalysis) has been discussed. In addition, thermochemical pathway dealing with biomass gasification for syngas and pyrolysis for bio-oils has been presented with compositional analysis of bio-oils and their upgrading technologies. The review focuses on various engineering limitations encountered during biomass conversion and bioprocessing with the potential solutions which do not restrict them to different biofuel production pathways. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Biomass Conversion and Biorefinery Springer Journals

Pathways of lignocellulosic biomass conversion to renewable fuels

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Publisher
Springer Journals
Copyright
Copyright © 2013 by Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg
Subject
Engineering; Renewable and Green Energy; Renewable and Green Energy; Biotechnology
ISSN
2190-6815
eISSN
2190-6823
D.O.I.
10.1007/s13399-013-0097-z
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

The increased worldwide demand for energy, particularly from petroleum-derived fuels has led to the search for a long-term solution of a reliable source of clean energy. Lignocellulosic biomasses appear to hold the key for a continuous supply of renewable fuels without compromising with the increasing energy needs. However, the major possible solutions to the current energy crisis include ethanol, bio-oils and synthesis gas (syngas) produced from lignocellulosic biomass. Recently, a great deal of research has been made in the fields of biomass conversion through biochemical, hydrothermal or thermochemical pathways to biofuels. However, a broad-spectrum assessment of the above pathways is rare in literature in terms of technology used, biofuel yields, potential challenges and possible outcomes. This review paper discusses different routes for biofuel production, particularly ethanol, bio-oil and syngas with the bio-oil upgrading techniques. This review highlights ethanol fermentation and available biomass pretreatment as the biochemical mode, not limiting to the pros and cons of the pretreatments. Supercritical water gasification (hydrothermal pathway) of biomass for syngas production followed by gas-to-liquid technologies (syngas fermentation and Fischer–Tropsch catalysis) has been discussed. In addition, thermochemical pathway dealing with biomass gasification for syngas and pyrolysis for bio-oils has been presented with compositional analysis of bio-oils and their upgrading technologies. The review focuses on various engineering limitations encountered during biomass conversion and bioprocessing with the potential solutions which do not restrict them to different biofuel production pathways.

Journal

Biomass Conversion and BiorefinerySpringer Journals

Published: Sep 26, 2013

References

  • Biosolutions to the energy problem
    Demain, AL
  • Status and prospect of lignocellulosic bioethanol production in China
    Fang, X; Shen, Y; Zhao, J; Bao, X; Qu, Y
  • Lignocellulosic ethanol in India: prospects, challenges and feedstock availability
    Sukumaran, RK; Surender, VJ; Sindhu, R; Binod, P; Janu, KU; Sajna, JV; Rajasree, KP; Pandey, A
  • Global potential bioethanol production from wasted crops and crop residues
    Kim, S; Dale, BE
  • Bioethanol from lignocellulosics: status and perspectives in Canada
    Mabee, WE; Saddler, JN
  • An economic and environmental comparison of a biochemical and a thermochemical lignocellulosic ethanol conversion processes
    Foust, TD; Aden, A; Dutta, A; Phillips, S
  • Cell-wall carbohydrates and their modification as a resource for biofuels
    Pauly, M; Keegstra, K
  • Characteristic studies on the pyrolysis products from hydrolyzed Canadian lignocellulosic feedstocks
    Nanda, S; Azargohar, R; Kozinski, JA; Dalai, AK
  • Characterization of North American lignocellulosic biomass and biochars in terms of their candidacy for alternate renewable fuels
    Nanda, S; Mohanty, P; Pant, KK; Naik, S; Kozinski, JA; Dalai, AK
  • Influence of mineral matter on biomass pyrolysis characteristics
    Raveendran, K; Ganesh, A; Khilar, KC
  • Characterization of Canadian biomass for alternative renewable biofuel
    Naik, S; Goud, VV; Rout, PK; Jacobson, K; Dalai, AK
  • Ethanol from lignocellulosic materials by a simultaneous saccharification and fermentation process (SFS) with Kluyveromyces marxianus CECT 10875
    Ballesteros, M; Oliva, JM; Negro, MJ; Manzanares, P; Ballesteros, I
  • Ethanol as an alternative fuel from agricultural, industrial and urban residues
    Prasad, S; Singh, A; Joshi, HC
  • Lignocellulose biodegradation: fundamentals and applications
    Malherbe, S; Cloete, TE

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