Non-invasive forced oscillometry to quantify respiratory mechanics in term neonates

Non-invasive forced oscillometry to quantify respiratory mechanics in term neonates BackgroundTo determine normative data by forced oscillation technique (FOT) in non-sedated normal term neonates and test the hypothesis that infants with transient tachypnea of the newborn (TTN) have higher resistance (R) and lower reactance (X) on day 1.MethodsHealthy term infants (n = 138) and infants with TTN (n = 17) were evaluated on postnatal days 1 through 3 (NCT03346343). FOT was measured with a mask using a TremoFlo C-100 Airwave System™. R, X, and area under the reactance curve (AX) were measured at prime frequencies 7–41 Hz for 8 s.ResultsIn all, 86% of control infants had adequate measurements (coherence >0.8, CV < 0.25) on day 1. Infants with TTN had higher resistance at 13 Hz (TTN 32.5 cm H2O·s/L [95% CI 25.5–39.4]; controls 23.8 cm H2O·s/L [95% CI 22.2 to 25.3], P = 0.007) and lower reactance from 17 to 37 Hz (TTN −35.1 to −10.5; controls −26.3 to −6.1, P < 0.05). In healthy controls, lung mechanics were unchanged from days 1 to 3. In TTN, lung mechanics normalized on days 2 and 3.ConclusionsFOT is feasible in neonates and distinguishes normal control infants from those with TTN on postnatal day 1. Oscillometry offers a non-invasive, longitudinal technique to assess lung mechanics in newborns. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Pediatric Research Springer Journals

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Publisher
Springer Journals
Copyright
Copyright © International Pediatric Research Foundation, Inc 2020
ISSN
0031-3998
eISSN
1530-0447
DOI
10.1038/s41390-020-0751-7
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

BackgroundTo determine normative data by forced oscillation technique (FOT) in non-sedated normal term neonates and test the hypothesis that infants with transient tachypnea of the newborn (TTN) have higher resistance (R) and lower reactance (X) on day 1.MethodsHealthy term infants (n = 138) and infants with TTN (n = 17) were evaluated on postnatal days 1 through 3 (NCT03346343). FOT was measured with a mask using a TremoFlo C-100 Airwave System™. R, X, and area under the reactance curve (AX) were measured at prime frequencies 7–41 Hz for 8 s.ResultsIn all, 86% of control infants had adequate measurements (coherence >0.8, CV < 0.25) on day 1. Infants with TTN had higher resistance at 13 Hz (TTN 32.5 cm H2O·s/L [95% CI 25.5–39.4]; controls 23.8 cm H2O·s/L [95% CI 22.2 to 25.3], P = 0.007) and lower reactance from 17 to 37 Hz (TTN −35.1 to −10.5; controls −26.3 to −6.1, P < 0.05). In healthy controls, lung mechanics were unchanged from days 1 to 3. In TTN, lung mechanics normalized on days 2 and 3.ConclusionsFOT is feasible in neonates and distinguishes normal control infants from those with TTN on postnatal day 1. Oscillometry offers a non-invasive, longitudinal technique to assess lung mechanics in newborns.

Journal

Pediatric ResearchSpringer Journals

Published: Jan 14, 2020

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