Neuropeptide gene expression in brain is differentially regulated by midbrain dopamine neurons

Neuropeptide gene expression in brain is differentially regulated by midbrain dopamine neurons 221 80 80 3 3 N. Lindefors S. Brené M. Herrera-Marschitz H. Persson Department of Medical Chemistry Laboratory of Molecular Neurobiology P.O. Box 60 400 S-104 01 Stockholm Sweden Department of Pharmacology Karolinska Institutet P.O. Box 60 400 S-104 01 Stockholm Sweden Summary In situ hybridization was used to study the expression of prepro-neuropeptide Y (NPY), preprosomatostatin (SOM), preprotachykinin (PPT) and preprocholecystokinin (CCK) mRNA in caudate-putamen and frontoparietal cortex of rat brain with unilateral lesion of midbrain dopamine neurons. Neurons expressing NPY and SOM mRNA showed a similar distribution and the expression of both NPY and SOM appears to be regulated by dopamine in a similar fashion. Following a dopamine deafferentation, the numerical density of both NPY and SOM mRNA producing neurons almost doubled in the lesioned caudate-putamen with no change in the average grain density over positive neurons. Hence, in the intact caudate-putamen dopamine appears to suppress expression of these two neuropeptide genes leading to an activation of both NPY and SOM mRNA expression in many non- or low-expressing neurons when the level of dopamine is decreased. In the fronto-parietal cortex, on the other hand, dopamine appears to stimulate NPY and SOM gene expression. Thus, in the absence of dopamine about half of the NPY positive neurons disappeared. However, for SOM the number of positive neurons did not change, but rather most positive neurons appeared to have down-regulated their SOM mRNA expression. No evidence was found for a change in CCK mRNA expression by the dopamine deafferentation, while PPT mRNA expression decreased in the deafferented caudate-putamen. Consequently, dopamine exerts dissimilar effects on the expression of different neuropeptide genes, that in turn do not respond in the same way in different brain regions. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Experimental Brain Research Springer Journals

Neuropeptide gene expression in brain is differentially regulated by midbrain dopamine neurons

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Abstract

221 80 80 3 3 N. Lindefors S. Brené M. Herrera-Marschitz H. Persson Department of Medical Chemistry Laboratory of Molecular Neurobiology P.O. Box 60 400 S-104 01 Stockholm Sweden Department of Pharmacology Karolinska Institutet P.O. Box 60 400 S-104 01 Stockholm Sweden Summary In situ hybridization was used to study the expression of prepro-neuropeptide Y (NPY), preprosomatostatin (SOM), preprotachykinin (PPT) and preprocholecystokinin (CCK) mRNA in caudate-putamen and frontoparietal cortex of rat brain with unilateral lesion of midbrain dopamine neurons. Neurons expressing NPY and SOM mRNA showed a similar distribution and the expression of both NPY and SOM appears to be regulated by dopamine in a similar fashion. Following a dopamine deafferentation, the numerical density of both NPY and SOM mRNA producing neurons almost doubled in the lesioned caudate-putamen with no change in the average grain density over positive neurons. Hence, in the intact caudate-putamen dopamine appears to suppress expression of these two neuropeptide genes leading to an activation of both NPY and SOM mRNA expression in many non- or low-expressing neurons when the level of dopamine is decreased. In the fronto-parietal cortex, on the other hand, dopamine appears to stimulate NPY and SOM gene expression. Thus, in the absence of dopamine about half of the NPY positive neurons disappeared. However, for SOM the number of positive neurons did not change, but rather most positive neurons appeared to have down-regulated their SOM mRNA expression. No evidence was found for a change in CCK mRNA expression by the dopamine deafferentation, while PPT mRNA expression decreased in the deafferented caudate-putamen. Consequently, dopamine exerts dissimilar effects on the expression of different neuropeptide genes, that in turn do not respond in the same way in different brain regions.

Journal

Experimental Brain ResearchSpringer Journals

Published: May 1, 1990

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