Friction self-piercing riveting (F-SPR) process has been proposed to achieve crack-free joining of low-ductility materials by combining SPR process with the concept of friction stir processing. The inhibition of cracking in an F-SPR joint is related to the in-process temperature as well as plastic deformation of materials, which are controlled by the process parameters, i.e., spindle speed and feed rate. However, the relationship between F-SPR process parameters and the temperature characteristics within the joint has not been established. In the current study, a coupled thermal-mechanical model based on solid mechanics was setup to study the F-SPR process of aluminum alloy and magnesium alloy. Temperature and strain rate-dependent material models and preset crack surface method were integrated in the model and geometry comparisons were conducted for model validation. Based on this model, the evolutions of temperature and plastic deformation in the rivet and the sheets of an F-SPR joint were obtained to reveal the formation mechanism of the joint. The temperature distribution and evolution of the sheet materials were correlated with F-SPR process parameters, and a critical spinning speed of 2000 rpm at a feed rate of 1.35 mm/s was determined capable of inhibiting cracking in the magnesium sheet.
Welding in the World – Springer Journals
Published: Jun 6, 2018