Mitotic chromosome doubling of plant tissues in vitro

Mitotic chromosome doubling of plant tissues in vitro In vitro chromosome doubling can be induced by several antimitotic agents. The most commonly used are colchicine, oryzalin and trifluralin. The process of induced chromosome doubling in vitro consists of a typical succession of sub-processes, including an induction phase and a confirmation protocol to measure the rate of success. The induction step depends on a large number of variables: media, antimitotic agents, explant types, exposure times and concentrations. Flow cytometry is the pre-eminent method for evaluation of the induced polyploidization. However, alternative confirmation methods, such as chromosome counts and morphological observations, are also used. Since polyploidization has many consequences for plant growth and development, chromosome doubling has been intensively studied over the years and has found its way to several applications in plant breeding. This review gives an overview of the common methods of chromosome doubling in vitro, the history of the technique, and progress made over the years. The applications of chromosome doubling in a broader context are also discussed. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Plant Cell, Tissue and Organ Culture Springer Journals

Mitotic chromosome doubling of plant tissues in vitro

Loading next page...
1
 
/lp/springer-journals/mitotic-chromosome-doubling-of-plant-tissues-in-vitro-dnGaNsEagm
Publisher
Springer Journals
Copyright
Copyright © 2010 by Springer Science+Business Media B.V.
Subject
Life Sciences; Plant Genetics & Genomics; Plant Physiology; Plant Pathology; Plant Sciences
ISSN
0167-6857
eISSN
1573-5044
D.O.I.
10.1007/s11240-010-9786-5
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

In vitro chromosome doubling can be induced by several antimitotic agents. The most commonly used are colchicine, oryzalin and trifluralin. The process of induced chromosome doubling in vitro consists of a typical succession of sub-processes, including an induction phase and a confirmation protocol to measure the rate of success. The induction step depends on a large number of variables: media, antimitotic agents, explant types, exposure times and concentrations. Flow cytometry is the pre-eminent method for evaluation of the induced polyploidization. However, alternative confirmation methods, such as chromosome counts and morphological observations, are also used. Since polyploidization has many consequences for plant growth and development, chromosome doubling has been intensively studied over the years and has found its way to several applications in plant breeding. This review gives an overview of the common methods of chromosome doubling in vitro, the history of the technique, and progress made over the years. The applications of chromosome doubling in a broader context are also discussed.

Journal

Plant Cell, Tissue and Organ CultureSpringer Journals

Published: Jul 8, 2010

References

You’re reading a free preview. Subscribe to read the entire article.


DeepDyve is your
personal research library

It’s your single place to instantly
discover and read the research
that matters to you.

Enjoy affordable access to
over 18 million articles from more than
15,000 peer-reviewed journals.

All for just $49/month

Explore the DeepDyve Library

Search

Query the DeepDyve database, plus search all of PubMed and Google Scholar seamlessly

Organize

Save any article or search result from DeepDyve, PubMed, and Google Scholar... all in one place.

Access

Get unlimited, online access to over 18 million full-text articles from more than 15,000 scientific journals.

Your journals are on DeepDyve

Read from thousands of the leading scholarly journals from SpringerNature, Elsevier, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford University Press and more.

All the latest content is available, no embargo periods.

See the journals in your area

DeepDyve

Freelancer

DeepDyve

Pro

Price

FREE

$49/month
$360/year

Save searches from
Google Scholar,
PubMed

Create folders to
organize your research

Export folders, citations

Read DeepDyve articles

Abstract access only

Unlimited access to over
18 million full-text articles

Print

20 pages / month

PDF Discount

20% off